China CNC Machined Flexible Spline Stainless Steel Precision Gear Coupling Driving Shaft drive shaft axle

Product Description

AT industry is 1 supplier  with more than 13 years experience on forging parts,Brass Parts,Auto Parts,Machining Parts.

Customize available when get drawing or sample.

Specifications
customized machine part whole seller 

1.13 years’ experience; 

2. sharp delivery 

3.superior quality
aluminum 6061-t6 cnc milling machine part whole seller
 
1. All parts produced according to your CAD and 3D drawings or sample. Please send the drawings firstly, we will offer our quotation to you 
   within 2 days. 
2. we specialized in manufacturing CNC machining products according to customers drawings or samples 
 
3. Advanced equipment, excellent R&D teams and strict quality control system 

4.These kinds of parts were made by high precision CNC machines. All the dimension were made as per customer requests .

5.cnc aluminum/thread cutting machining parts was 100% inspected before shipment.

6. The price will be FOB or CIF dollars. minium quantity was acceptable. 

7. products showed here only present the capability of our business activities 

We are dedicated to :

1.designing and manufacture of your unique metal products; 

2.Turning your drawing to be a nice unique products; 

3.Turning your idea to be a real nice products; 

4.using The most advanced test equipments to ensure the quality ;

5.cnc aluminum/thread cutting machining parts that meet their needs.

Reject rate≤ 0.5%, Rework rate≤ 0.5%, On time delivery rate>95%
 
 

Material  Steel, Zinc,Stainless steel.
Surface treatment Nickel plating. Zinc plating, Chrome plating, Oxidation. Anodization
Tolerance +/-0.01mm or +/- 0.0004″
Thread Standard NPT,BSP(G),M, GHT,UN,NPSM,BSPT(Tr),NPTF…    
Quality control 100% inspection on critical dimensions
Inspection equipment Three axis meansuring machine for X.Y.Z. Projection meter.
Production output 100000.000 pieces/ month
Productin range Part ID from 2-500mm with tolerance +/-0.01mm                                     
Experience 13 years of professional  OEM service
Supply chain process PPAP
Ability To develop hundreds of new parts annually.                               
 Packaging  Standard export carton with palletized
 Lead time 35 days regularly 
 Term of Payment  T/T. L/C or Customer’s request

 

ABOUT US:

A&T Industry is a contract manufacture and exporter of quality sand castings,
investment castings, lost foam castings, hot forgings, cold forgings, stampings, 
machined parts, injectionmolded plastics parts, etc.

We are a dedicated team of customer focused industry professionals with 
extensive experience in manufacturing,  materials engineering, 
quality assurance, logistics management  and inventory control.

We utilize our experience and sources advantage to provide our customers 
with cost effective and value based solutions to meet their engineering and 
design needs while exceeding their quality and procurement requirements.

A&T Industry is located in HangZhou, a major seaport, Olympic Host City and 
industrial center of China. 

Assurance,

 100% quality manufacturing.
 We guarantee that our products meet your supplied specifications
 Extremely competitive pricing
 Delivery to your port or front door
 4 —- 8 week lead times
 We handle all paperwork
 Partial container orders
 Flexible payment options
 Unique tooling options
 Full range of packaging options from bulk to retail ready
 Complete testing services available

FAQs

1. Where is your location?

We are located in HangZhou City of China and are closed to Airport. It takes 30minuts by car from Liuting Airport our company.

2. How long has the company been established?

AT INDUSTRY was established in 2009. There is 6 years exporting experiences.

3. How many employees do you have?

Administration / sales    4
Engineering / design as our partner     8
Production as our partners 120
Quality assurance / inspection   10

4. Which countries do you export to?

U.S.A, Germany, France, Italy, UK, Brazil, Middle east of Asia, Thailand, 

5. What proportion of your goods are exported?

100% of our production are exported to all over the world.

6. How long does it take to receive samples?

a) Pattern:30-45days after order 
b) Sample:30days after pattern finishing.
c) The lead time is the general production period and does not include the transportation time.

7. New product development process

Got tooling order and sample order with 50% deposit—Hold a meeting with the relation dept. to ensure the developing schedule—Design pattern, fixture and gauge and making them in our house—mold steel buying—Machining—Inspection—Send out the sample with initial inspection report.

8. How long is the manufacturing lead time?

Mass Production: 90days after sample approval by yours.
The lead time is the general production period including the transportation time.
We could make some special production arrangement effectively if customer has urgent need.

9. What basis can we buy goods?

We generally offer customers prices FOB& CIF (Carriage, Insurance & Freight). The CIF includes the freight cost to your nominated sea port.
We do provide clearance of goods which needs to be handled by a local freight forwarder.
All local costs and taxes are the responsibility of the buyer. We are happy to offer advisement on shipping if required. 

10. What are the payment terms?

Payment terms are negotiable and will improve for long term customers.
During the initial stages, we request 50% of tooling fee in advance with the balance payable on acceptance of samples.
Production orders can be negotiable. We prefer 50% deposit and the balance by T/T before sails. But sometimes T/T 30 days after sails would also acceptable. 

11. Which currency can we buy in?

We can deal in USD / Euro currency / GBP.

12. How long does it take to ship goods from China by sea?

It takes about 5 weeks to European ports plus 1 week customs clearance, so you can get the container within 6 to 7 weeks. It takes about 2 weeks to east coast and 3 weeks to west coast US ports. All sea goods are shipped from HangZhou Port. 

13. How long does it take to ship goods from China by air?

It takes about 7 days to all major destinations. 

14. Can we visit the factory to conduct an audit?

Yes, you are welcome to visit our partner factory by prior agreement. 

15. How do we retain client confidentiality?

We are happy to sign Confidentiality Agreements with customers and will honor them.

16. Which languages do we do business in?

Although we do business with many countries around the world, we can only communicate effectively in Chinese English.
All information supplied should therefore be supplied in this form. 

17. Is there a minimum volume of business required to conduct international purchasing?

There are no minimum volumes, but the prices of the goods, plus the fixed costs of importing makes it more economical to buy in high volumes. All potential customers will be assessed on an individual basis to determine if it appears a viable option for all parties to develop a relationship. 

18. What type of parts you are specialized in?

Our business contains 2 areas, 
one is for construction precast including lifting system, rigging hardware metal parts. 
 
Another is customized metal business of quality sand castings, investment castings, lost foam castings, hot forgings, cold forgings, stampings, machined parts, injectionmolded plastics parts, etc. 

19. Which kind of equipments do you have?

Forging friction press 160Ton, 300Ton, 630Ton, 1200Ton
Casting CZPT of 200kg, 500kg,1000kgs, 2000kgs
Press of 63ton, 120tons
CNC Machining center
CNC Vertical Lathe
CNC Lathe center
Boring machine
Drilling machine

 

US $15
/ Piece
|
500 Pieces

(Min. Order)

###

Condition: New
Certification: CE, RoHS
Customized: Customized
Material: Iron
Application: Metal Recycling Machine, Metal Cutting Machine, Metal Straightening Machinery, Metal Processing Machinery Parts, Metal forging Machinery, Metal Engraving Machinery
Package: Within Wooden Crate

###

Customization:

###

Material  Steel, Zinc,Stainless steel.
Surface treatment Nickel plating. Zinc plating, Chrome plating, Oxidation. Anodization
Tolerance +/-0.01mm or +/- 0.0004"
Thread Standard NPT,BSP(G),M, GHT,UN,NPSM,BSPT(Tr),NPTF…    
Quality control 100% inspection on critical dimensions
Inspection equipment Three axis meansuring machine for X.Y.Z. Projection meter.
Production output 100000.000 pieces/ month
Productin range Part ID from 2-500mm with tolerance +/-0.01mm                                     
Experience 13 years of professional  OEM service
Supply chain process PPAP
Ability To develop hundreds of new parts annually.                               
 Packaging  Standard export carton with palletized
 Lead time 35 days regularly 
 Term of Payment  T/T. L/C or Customer’s request
US $15
/ Piece
|
500 Pieces

(Min. Order)

###

Condition: New
Certification: CE, RoHS
Customized: Customized
Material: Iron
Application: Metal Recycling Machine, Metal Cutting Machine, Metal Straightening Machinery, Metal Processing Machinery Parts, Metal forging Machinery, Metal Engraving Machinery
Package: Within Wooden Crate

###

Customization:

###

Material  Steel, Zinc,Stainless steel.
Surface treatment Nickel plating. Zinc plating, Chrome plating, Oxidation. Anodization
Tolerance +/-0.01mm or +/- 0.0004"
Thread Standard NPT,BSP(G),M, GHT,UN,NPSM,BSPT(Tr),NPTF…    
Quality control 100% inspection on critical dimensions
Inspection equipment Three axis meansuring machine for X.Y.Z. Projection meter.
Production output 100000.000 pieces/ month
Productin range Part ID from 2-500mm with tolerance +/-0.01mm                                     
Experience 13 years of professional  OEM service
Supply chain process PPAP
Ability To develop hundreds of new parts annually.                               
 Packaging  Standard export carton with palletized
 Lead time 35 days regularly 
 Term of Payment  T/T. L/C or Customer’s request

How to Calculate Stiffness, Centering Force, Wear and Fatigue Failure of Spline Couplings

There are various types of spline couplings. These couplings have several important properties. These properties are: Stiffness, Involute splines, Misalignment, Wear and fatigue failure. To understand how these characteristics relate to spline couplings, read this article. It will give you the necessary knowledge to determine which type of coupling best suits your needs. Keeping in mind that spline couplings are usually spherical in shape, they are made of steel.
splineshaft

Involute splines

An effective side interference condition minimizes gear misalignment. When two splines are coupled with no spline misalignment, the maximum tensile root stress shifts to the left by five mm. A linear lead variation, which results from multiple connections along the length of the spline contact, increases the effective clearance or interference by a given percentage. This type of misalignment is undesirable for coupling high-speed equipment.
Involute splines are often used in gearboxes. These splines transmit high torque, and are better able to distribute load among multiple teeth throughout the coupling circumference. The involute profile and lead errors are related to the spacing between spline teeth and keyways. For coupling applications, industry practices use splines with 25 to fifty-percent of spline teeth engaged. This load distribution is more uniform than that of conventional single-key couplings.
To determine the optimal tooth engagement for an involved spline coupling, Xiangzhen Xue and colleagues used a computer model to simulate the stress applied to the splines. The results from this study showed that a “permissible” Ruiz parameter should be used in coupling. By predicting the amount of wear and tear on a crowned spline, the researchers could accurately predict how much damage the components will sustain during the coupling process.
There are several ways to determine the optimal pressure angle for an involute spline. Involute splines are commonly measured using a pressure angle of 30 degrees. Similar to gears, involute splines are typically tested through a measurement over pins. This involves inserting specific-sized wires between gear teeth and measuring the distance between them. This method can tell whether the gear has a proper tooth profile.
The spline system shown in Figure 1 illustrates a vibration model. This simulation allows the user to understand how involute splines are used in coupling. The vibration model shows four concentrated mass blocks that represent the prime mover, the internal spline, and the load. It is important to note that the meshing deformation function represents the forces acting on these three components.
splineshaft

Stiffness of coupling

The calculation of stiffness of a spline coupling involves the measurement of its tooth engagement. In the following, we analyze the stiffness of a spline coupling with various types of teeth using two different methods. Direct inversion and blockwise inversion both reduce CPU time for stiffness calculation. However, they require evaluation submatrices. Here, we discuss the differences between these two methods.
The analytical model for spline couplings is derived in the second section. In the third section, the calculation process is explained in detail. We then validate this model against the FE method. Finally, we discuss the influence of stiffness nonlinearity on the rotor dynamics. Finally, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method. We present a simple yet effective method for estimating the lateral stiffness of spline couplings.
The numerical calculation of the spline coupling is based on the semi-analytical spline load distribution model. This method involves refined contact grids and updating the compliance matrix at each iteration. Hence, it consumes significant computational time. Further, it is difficult to apply this method to the dynamic analysis of a rotor. This method has its own limitations and should be used only when the spline coupling is fully investigated.
The meshing force is the force generated by a misaligned spline coupling. It is related to the spline thickness and the transmitting torque of the rotor. The meshing force is also related to the dynamic vibration displacement. The result obtained from the meshing force analysis is given in Figures 7, 8, and 9.
The analysis presented in this paper aims to investigate the stiffness of spline couplings with a misaligned spline. Although the results of previous studies were accurate, some issues remained. For example, the misalignment of the spline may cause contact damages. The aim of this article is to investigate the problems associated with misaligned spline couplings and propose an analytical approach for estimating the contact pressure in a spline connection. We also compare our results to those obtained by pure numerical approaches.

Misalignment

To determine the centering force, the effective pressure angle must be known. Using the effective pressure angle, the centering force is calculated based on the maximum axial and radial loads and updated Dudley misalignment factors. The centering force is the maximum axial force that can be transmitted by friction. Several published misalignment factors are also included in the calculation. A new method is presented in this paper that considers the cam effect in the normal force.
In this new method, the stiffness along the spline joint can be integrated to obtain a global stiffness that is applicable to torsional vibration analysis. The stiffness of bearings can also be calculated at given levels of misalignment, allowing for accurate estimation of bearing dimensions. It is advisable to check the stiffness of bearings at all times to ensure that they are properly sized and aligned.
A misalignment in a spline coupling can result in wear or even failure. This is caused by an incorrectly aligned pitch profile. This problem is often overlooked, as the teeth are in contact throughout the involute profile. This causes the load to not be evenly distributed along the contact line. Consequently, it is important to consider the effect of misalignment on the contact force on the teeth of the spline coupling.
The centre of the male spline in Figure 2 is superposed on the female spline. The alignment meshing distances are also identical. Hence, the meshing force curves will change according to the dynamic vibration displacement. It is necessary to know the parameters of a spline coupling before implementing it. In this paper, the model for misalignment is presented for spline couplings and the related parameters.
Using a self-made spline coupling test rig, the effects of misalignment on a spline coupling are studied. In contrast to the typical spline coupling, misalignment in a spline coupling causes fretting wear at a specific position on the tooth surface. This is a leading cause of failure in these types of couplings.
splineshaft

Wear and fatigue failure

The failure of a spline coupling due to wear and fatigue is determined by the first occurrence of tooth wear and shaft misalignment. Standard design methods do not account for wear damage and assess the fatigue life with big approximations. Experimental investigations have been conducted to assess wear and fatigue damage in spline couplings. The tests were conducted on a dedicated test rig and special device connected to a standard fatigue machine. The working parameters such as torque, misalignment angle, and axial distance have been varied in order to measure fatigue damage. Over dimensioning has also been assessed.
During fatigue and wear, mechanical sliding takes place between the external and internal splines and results in catastrophic failure. The lack of literature on the wear and fatigue of spline couplings in aero-engines may be due to the lack of data on the coupling’s application. Wear and fatigue failure in splines depends on a number of factors, including the material pair, geometry, and lubrication conditions.
The analysis of spline couplings shows that over-dimensioning is common and leads to different damages in the system. Some of the major damages are wear, fretting, corrosion, and teeth fatigue. Noise problems have also been observed in industrial settings. However, it is difficult to evaluate the contact behavior of spline couplings, and numerical simulations are often hampered by the use of specific codes and the boundary element method.
The failure of a spline gear coupling was caused by fatigue, and the fracture initiated at the bottom corner radius of the keyway. The keyway and splines had been overloaded beyond their yield strength, and significant yielding was observed in the spline gear teeth. A fracture ring of non-standard alloy steel exhibited a sharp corner radius, which was a significant stress raiser.
Several components were studied to determine their life span. These components include the spline shaft, the sealing bolt, and the graphite ring. Each of these components has its own set of design parameters. However, there are similarities in the distributions of these components. Wear and fatigue failure of spline couplings can be attributed to a combination of the three factors. A failure mode is often defined as a non-linear distribution of stresses and strains.

China CNC Machined Flexible Spline Stainless Steel Precision Gear Coupling Driving Shaft     drive shaft axle	China CNC Machined Flexible Spline Stainless Steel Precision Gear Coupling Driving Shaft     drive shaft axle
editor by czh 2022-12-07