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China Professional Spline Shaft for Auto Parts Customized Machinery Parts Lathing Milling Drilling High Precision with Nitrocarburizing Factory Price

Product Description

You can kindly find the specification details below:

HangZhou Mastery Machinery Technology Co., LTD helps manufacturers and brands fulfill their machinery parts by precision manufacturing. High precision machinery products like the shaft, worm screw, bushing, couplings, joints……Our products are used widely in electronic motors, the main shaft of the engine, the transmission shaft in the gearbox, couplers, printers, pumps, drones, and so on. They cater to different industries, including automotive, industrial, power tools, garden tools, healthcare, smart home, etc.

Mastery caters to the industrial industry by offering high-level Cardan shafts, pump shafts, and a bushing that come in different sizes ranging from diameter 3mm-50mm. Our products are specifically formulated for transmissions, robots, gearboxes, industrial fans, and drones, etc.

Mastery factory currently has more than 100 main production equipment such as CNC lathe, CNC machining center, CAM Automatic Lathe, grinding machine, hobbing machine, etc. The production capacity can be up to 5-micron mechanical tolerance accuracy, automatic wiring machine processing range covering 3mm-50mm diameter bar.

Key Specifications:

Name Shaft/Motor Shaft/Drive Shaft/Gear Shaft/Pump Shaft/Worm Screw/Worm Gear/Bushing/Ring/Joint/Pin
Material 40Cr/35C/GB45/70Cr/40CrMo
Process Machining/Lathing/Milling/Drilling/Grinding/Polishing
Size 2-400mm(Customized)
Diameter φ12(Customized)
Diameter Tolerance 0.01mm
Roundness 0.01mm
Roughness Ra0.2-0.6
Straightness 0.01mm
Hardness Customized
Length 163mm(Customized)
Heat Treatment Customized
Surface treatment Coating/Ni plating/Zn plating/QPQ/Carbonization/Quenching/Black Treatment/Steaming Treatment/Nitrocarburizing/Carbonitriding

Quality Management:

  • Raw Material Quality Control: Chemical Composition Analysis, Mechanical Performance Test, ROHS, and Mechanical Dimension Check
  • Production Process Quality Control: Full-size inspection for the 1st part, Critical size process inspection, SPC process monitoring
  • Lab ability: CMM, OGP, XRF, Roughness meter, Profiler, Automatic optical inspector
  • Quality system: ISO9001, IATF 16949, ISO14001
  • Eco-Friendly: ROHS, Reach.

Packaging and Shipping:  

Throughout the entire process of our supply chain management, consistent on-time delivery is vital and very important for the success of our business.

Mastery utilizes several different shipping methods that are detailed below:

For Samples/Small Q’ty: By Express Services or Air Fright.

For Formal Order: By Sea or by air according to your requirement.

 

Mastery Services:

  • One-Stop solution from idea to product/ODM&OEM acceptable
  • Individual research and sourcing/purchasing tasks
  • Individual supplier management/development, on-site quality check projects
  • Muti-varieties/small batch/customization/trial orders are acceptable
  • Flexibility on quantity/Quick samples
  • Forecast and raw material preparation in advance are negotiable
  • Quick quotes and quick responses

General Parameters:

If you are looking for a reliable machinery product partner, you can rely on Mastery. Work with us and let us help you grow your business using our customizable and affordable products. /* January 22, 2571 19:08:37 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Material: Carbon Steel
Load: Drive Shaft
Stiffness & Flexibility: Stiffness / Rigid Axle
Journal Diameter Dimensional Accuracy: IT6-IT9
Axis Shape: Straight Shaft
Shaft Shape: Real Axis
Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

spline shaft

Can spline shafts be customized for specific machinery and equipment?

Yes, spline shafts can be customized to suit specific machinery and equipment requirements. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Size and Length:

Spline shafts can be customized in terms of size and length to fit the dimensions of the machinery or equipment. Manufacturers can design spline shafts with the appropriate diameter, overall length, and spline length to ensure a proper fit within the system.

2. Spline Profile:

The spline profile can be customized based on the specific application. Different spline profiles, such as involute, serrated, or helical, can be used to optimize torque transmission, load distribution, and engagement characteristics based on the requirements of the machinery or equipment.

3. Number of Splines:

The number of splines on the shaft can be customized to match the mating component. The number of splines determines the engagement area and affects the torque-carrying capacity of the spline shaft. By adjusting the number of splines, manufacturers can tailor the spline shaft to the specific torque and load requirements of the machinery or equipment.

4. Material Selection:

The choice of material for spline shafts can be customized based on the operating conditions and environmental factors of the machinery or equipment. Different materials, such as alloy steels or stainless steels, can be selected to provide the necessary strength, durability, corrosion resistance, or other specific properties required for the application.

5. Surface Treatment:

The surface of spline shafts can be customized with various treatments to enhance their performance. Surface treatments like heat treatment, coating, or plating can be applied to improve hardness, wear resistance, or corrosion resistance based on the specific requirements of the machinery or equipment.

6. Tolerances and Fit:

Tolerances and fit between the spline shaft and mating components can be customized to achieve the desired clearance or interference fit. This ensures proper engagement, smooth operation, and optimal performance of the machinery or equipment.

7. Special Features:

In certain cases, spline shafts can be customized with additional features to meet specific needs. This may include the incorporation of keyways, threads, or other specialized features required for the machinery or equipment.

Manufacturers and engineers work closely with the machinery or equipment designers to understand the specific requirements and tailor the spline shafts accordingly. By considering factors such as size, spline profile, number of splines, material selection, surface treatment, tolerances, fit, and any special features, customized spline shafts can be developed to ensure optimal performance and compatibility with the machinery or equipment.

It is important to consult with experienced spline shaft manufacturers or engineering professionals to determine the most suitable customization options for a particular machinery or equipment application.

spline shaft

Can spline shafts be used in automotive applications, and if so, how?

Yes, spline shafts are extensively used in automotive applications due to their ability to transmit torque and provide reliable power transmission. Here’s how spline shafts are used in automotive applications:

Spline shafts play a crucial role in various automotive systems and components, including:

  • Drivetrain: Spline shafts are an integral part of the drivetrain system in vehicles. They transmit torque from the engine to the wheels, allowing the vehicle to move. Spline shafts are present in components such as the transmission, differential, and axle shafts. In manual transmissions, the spline shaft connects the transmission input shaft to the clutch disc, enabling power transfer from the engine. In automatic transmissions, spline shafts are used in the torque converter and the output shaft.
  • Steering System: Spline shafts are employed in the steering system to transmit torque from the steering wheel to the steering rack or gearbox. They provide a direct connection between the driver’s input and the movement of the wheels, allowing for steering control.
  • Power Take-Off (PTO) Systems: Some vehicles, particularly commercial trucks and agricultural machinery, utilize PTO systems. Spline shafts are used in PTOs to transfer power from the vehicle’s engine to auxiliary equipment, such as hydraulic pumps, generators, or agricultural implements.
  • Transfer Cases: In four-wheel-drive (4WD) or all-wheel-drive (AWD) vehicles, transfer cases are used to distribute power to the front and rear axles. Spline shafts are utilized in the transfer case to transfer torque between the transmission and the front and rear drive shafts.
  • Propeller Shafts: Spline shafts are present in propeller shafts, which transmit torque from the transmission or transfer case to the rear axle in rear-wheel-drive vehicles. They accommodate the relative movement between the transmission and the axle due to suspension travel.

In automotive applications, spline shafts are designed to withstand high torque loads, provide precise torque transmission, and accommodate misalignments and fluctuations in operating conditions. They are typically made from high-strength steel or alloy materials to ensure durability and resistance to wear. Proper lubrication is essential to minimize friction and ensure smooth operation.

The use of spline shafts in automotive applications allows for efficient power transmission, precise control, and reliable performance, contributing to the overall functionality and drivability of vehicles.

spline shaft

In which industries are spline shafts typically used?

Spline shafts find applications in a wide range of industries where torque transmission, relative movement, and load distribution are critical. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Automotive Industry:

The automotive industry extensively uses spline shafts in various components and systems. They are found in transmissions, drivelines, steering systems, differentials, and axle assemblies. Spline shafts enable the transmission of torque, accommodate relative movement, and ensure efficient power transfer in vehicles.

2. Aerospace and Defense Industry:

Spline shafts are essential in the aerospace and defense industry. They are used in aircraft landing gear systems, actuation mechanisms, missile guidance systems, engine components, and rotor assemblies. The aerospace and defense sector relies on spline shafts for precise torque transfer, relative movement accommodation, and critical control mechanisms.

3. Industrial Machinery and Equipment:

Spline shafts are widely employed in industrial machinery and equipment. They are used in gearboxes, machine tools, pumps, compressors, conveyors, printing machinery, and packaging equipment. Spline shafts enable torque transmission, accommodate misalignments and vibrations, and ensure accurate movement and synchronization of machine components.

4. Agriculture and Farming:

The agriculture and farming industry extensively uses spline shafts in equipment such as tractors, harvesters, and agricultural implements. Spline shafts are found in power take-off (PTO) units, transmission systems, hydraulic mechanisms, and steering systems. They enable torque transfer, accommodate relative movement, and provide flexibility in agricultural machinery.

5. Construction and Mining:

In the construction and mining industries, spline shafts are used in equipment such as excavators, loaders, bulldozers, and drilling rigs. They are found in hydraulic systems, power transmission systems, and articulated mechanisms. Spline shafts facilitate torque transmission, accommodate misalignments, and enable efficient power transfer in heavy-duty machinery.

6. Marine and Offshore:

Spline shafts have applications in the marine and offshore industry. They are used in propulsion systems, thrusters, rudders, winches, and marine pumps. Spline shafts enable torque transmission in marine vessels and offshore equipment, accommodating axial and radial movement, and ensuring reliable power transfer.

7. Energy and Power Generation:

Spline shafts are utilized in the energy and power generation sector. They are found in turbines, generators, compressors, and other rotating equipment. Spline shafts enable torque transmission and accommodate relative movement in power generation systems, ensuring efficient and reliable operation.

8. Rail and Transportation:

Spline shafts are employed in the rail and transportation industry. They are found in locomotives, railcar systems, and suspension mechanisms. Spline shafts enable torque transfer, accommodate movement and vibrations, and ensure precise control in rail and transportation applications.

These are just a few examples of the industries where spline shafts are typically used. Their versatility, torque transmission capabilities, and ability to accommodate relative movement make them vital components in various sectors that rely on efficient power transfer, flexibility, and precise control.

China Professional Spline Shaft for Auto Parts Customized Machinery Parts Lathing Milling Drilling High Precision with Nitrocarburizing Factory Price  China Professional Spline Shaft for Auto Parts Customized Machinery Parts Lathing Milling Drilling High Precision with Nitrocarburizing Factory Price
editor by CX 2024-04-11

China Good quality Custom CNC Machining Turning Spline Bolt Nut Hollow Threaded Spindle Gear Steel Propeller Drive Shaft of Motorcycle Electric Motor Auto Generator Transmission

Product Description

 

Basic Info. of Our Customized CNC Machining Parts
Quotation According To Your Drawings or Samples. (Size, Material, Thickness, Processing Content And Required Technology, etc.)
Tolerance  +/-0.005 – 0.01mm (Customizable)
Surface Roughness Ra0.2 – Ra3.2 (Customizable)
Materials Available Aluminum, Copper, Brass, Stainless Steel, Titanium, Iron, Plastic, Acrylic, PE, PVC, ABS, POM, PTFE etc.
Surface Treatment Polishing, Surface Chamfering, Hardening and Tempering, Nickel plating, Chrome plating, zinc plating, Laser engraving, Sandblasting, Passivating, Clear Anodized, Color Anodized, Sandblast Anodized, Chemical Film, Brushing, etc.
Processing Hot/Cold forging, Heat treatment, CNC Turning, Milling, Drilling and Tapping, Surface Treatment, Laser Cutting, Stamping, Die Casting, Injection Molding, etc.
Testing Equipment Coordinate Measuring Machine (CMM) / Vernier Caliper/ / Automatic Height Gauge /Hardness Tester /Surface Roughness Teste/Run-out Instrument/Optical Projector, Micrometer/ Salt spray testing machine
Drawing Formats PRO/E, Auto CAD, CHINAMFG Works , UG, CAD / CAM / CAE, PDF
Our Advantages 1.) 24 hours online service & quickly quote and delivery.
2.) 100% quality inspection (with Quality Inspection Report) before delivery. All our products are manufactured under ISO 9001:2015.
3.) A strong, professional and reliable technical team with 16+ years of manufacturing experience.
4.) We have stable supply chain partners, including raw material suppliers, bearing suppliers, forging plants, surface treatment plants, etc.
5.) We can provide customized assembly services for those customers who have assembly needs.

 

Available Material
Stainless Steel    SS201,SS301, SS303, SS304, SS316, SS416, etc.
Steel    mild steel, Carbon steel, 4140, 4340, Q235, Q345B, 20#, 45#, etc.
Brass    HPb63, HPb62, HPb61, HPb59, H59, H62, H68, H80, etc.
Copper     C11000, C12000,C12000, C36000 etc.
Aluminum     A380, AL2571, AL6061, Al6063, AL6082, AL7075, AL5052, etc.
Iron     A36, 45#, 1213, 12L14, 1215 etc.
Plastic     ABS, PC, PE, POM, Delrin, Nylon, PP, PEI, Peek etc.
Others     Various types of Titanium alloy, Rubber, Bronze, etc.

Available Surface Treatment
Stainless Steel Polishing, Passivating, Sandblasting, Laser engraving, etc.
Steel Zinc plating, Oxide black, Nickel plating, Chrome plating, Carburized, Powder Coated, etc.
Aluminum parts Clear Anodized, Color Anodized, Sandblast Anodized, Chemical Film, Brushing, Polishing, etc.
Plastic Plating gold(ABS), Painting, Brushing(Acylic), Laser engraving, etc.

FAQ:

Q1: Are you a trading company or a factory?
A1: We are a factory

Q2: How long is your delivery time?
A2: Samples are generally 3-7 days; bulk orders are 10-25 days, depending on the quantity and parts requirements.

Q3: Do you provide samples? Is it free or extra?
A3: Yes, we can provide samples, and we will charge you based on sample processing. The sample fee can be refunded after placing an order in batches.

Q4: Do you provide design drawings service?
A4: We mainly customize according to the drawings or samples provided by customers. For customers who don’t know much about drawing, we also   provide design and drawing services. You need to provide samples or sketches.

Q5: What about drawing confidentiality?
A5: The processed samples and drawings are strictly confidential and will not be disclosed to anyone else.

Q6: How do you guarantee the quality of your products?
A6: We have set up multiple inspection procedures and can provide quality inspection report before delivery. And we can also provide samples for you to test before mass production.
  /* January 22, 2571 19:08:37 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Certification: CE, RoHS, GS, ISO9001
Standard: DIN, ASTM, GOST, GB, JIS, ANSI, BS
Customized: Customized
Material: Metal
Application: Metal Recycling Machine, Metal Cutting Machine, Metal Straightening Machinery, Metal Spinning Machinery, Metal Processing Machinery Parts, Metal forging Machinery, Metal Engraving Machinery, Metal Drawing Machinery, Metal Coating Machinery, Metal Casting Machinery
Tolerance: +/-0.005 – 0.01mm
Samples:
US$ 1/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

spline shaft

Can spline shafts be customized for specific machinery and equipment?

Yes, spline shafts can be customized to suit specific machinery and equipment requirements. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Size and Length:

Spline shafts can be customized in terms of size and length to fit the dimensions of the machinery or equipment. Manufacturers can design spline shafts with the appropriate diameter, overall length, and spline length to ensure a proper fit within the system.

2. Spline Profile:

The spline profile can be customized based on the specific application. Different spline profiles, such as involute, serrated, or helical, can be used to optimize torque transmission, load distribution, and engagement characteristics based on the requirements of the machinery or equipment.

3. Number of Splines:

The number of splines on the shaft can be customized to match the mating component. The number of splines determines the engagement area and affects the torque-carrying capacity of the spline shaft. By adjusting the number of splines, manufacturers can tailor the spline shaft to the specific torque and load requirements of the machinery or equipment.

4. Material Selection:

The choice of material for spline shafts can be customized based on the operating conditions and environmental factors of the machinery or equipment. Different materials, such as alloy steels or stainless steels, can be selected to provide the necessary strength, durability, corrosion resistance, or other specific properties required for the application.

5. Surface Treatment:

The surface of spline shafts can be customized with various treatments to enhance their performance. Surface treatments like heat treatment, coating, or plating can be applied to improve hardness, wear resistance, or corrosion resistance based on the specific requirements of the machinery or equipment.

6. Tolerances and Fit:

Tolerances and fit between the spline shaft and mating components can be customized to achieve the desired clearance or interference fit. This ensures proper engagement, smooth operation, and optimal performance of the machinery or equipment.

7. Special Features:

In certain cases, spline shafts can be customized with additional features to meet specific needs. This may include the incorporation of keyways, threads, or other specialized features required for the machinery or equipment.

Manufacturers and engineers work closely with the machinery or equipment designers to understand the specific requirements and tailor the spline shafts accordingly. By considering factors such as size, spline profile, number of splines, material selection, surface treatment, tolerances, fit, and any special features, customized spline shafts can be developed to ensure optimal performance and compatibility with the machinery or equipment.

It is important to consult with experienced spline shaft manufacturers or engineering professionals to determine the most suitable customization options for a particular machinery or equipment application.

spline shaft

How do spline shafts handle variations in environmental conditions?

Spline shafts are designed to handle variations in environmental conditions and maintain their performance and reliability. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Temperature Variations:

Spline shafts are engineered to withstand a wide range of temperature variations. They are constructed from materials that exhibit good thermal stability, such as high-grade steels or alloys. These materials have low coefficients of thermal expansion, minimizing the effects of temperature changes on the shaft’s dimensional stability. Additionally, proper lubrication with temperature-resistant lubricants helps reduce friction and wear in the spline engagement, even under extreme temperature conditions.

2. Moisture and Corrosion Resistance:

Spline shafts can be designed to resist moisture and corrosion, ensuring their performance in humid or corrosive environments. Protective coatings, such as platings or surface treatments, can be applied to the shaft’s surfaces to enhance their resistance to moisture, oxidation, and corrosion. Additionally, selecting materials with inherent corrosion resistance, such as stainless steel or specialized alloys, can further enhance the spline shaft’s ability to handle environmental conditions.

3. Dust and Contaminant Protection:

Spline shafts used in environments with high levels of dust, dirt, or contaminants can be equipped with protective measures. Seals, gaskets, or covers can be employed to prevent the ingress of particles into the spline engagement. These protective measures help maintain the integrity of the spline profile, minimize wear, and ensure smooth operation even in dirty or dusty conditions.

4. Lubrication and Maintenance:

Proper lubrication is essential for the reliable operation of spline shafts, especially in challenging environmental conditions. Lubricants with appropriate viscosity and additives can be selected to provide effective lubrication and protection against wear, friction, and corrosion. Regular maintenance and lubrication intervals should be followed to ensure optimal performance and longevity of the spline shaft.

5. Shock and Vibration Resistance:

Spline shafts are designed to withstand shock and vibration encountered in various applications. The spline engagement and shaft design can incorporate features such as tighter tolerances, increased contact area, or damping elements to minimize the effects of shock and vibration. Additionally, proper fastening and mounting techniques help secure the shaft and reduce the risk of loosening or failure due to dynamic loads.

6. Environmental Sealing:

In certain applications where spline shafts are exposed to harsh environmental conditions, such as underwater or in chemical environments, environmental sealing can be employed. Sealing methods such as O-rings, gaskets, or specialized seals provide an additional barrier against external elements, ensuring the integrity and performance of the spline shaft.

7. Compliance with Standards:

Spline shafts used in specific industries or applications may need to comply with industry standards or regulations regarding environmental conditions. Manufacturers can design and test their spline shafts to meet these requirements, ensuring that the shafts can handle the specified environmental conditions and perform reliably.

By incorporating design considerations, appropriate materials, protective coatings, lubrication, and maintenance practices, spline shafts can effectively handle variations in environmental conditions. This enables them to maintain their functionality, performance, and longevity even in challenging operating environments.

spline shaft

What are the key components and design features of a spline shaft?

A spline shaft consists of several key components and incorporates specific design features to ensure its functionality and performance. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Shaft Body:

The main component of a spline shaft is the shaft body, which provides the structural integrity and serves as the base for the spline features. The shaft body is typically cylindrical in shape and made from materials such as steel, stainless steel, or other alloyed metals. The material selection depends on factors like the application requirements, torque loads, and environmental conditions.

2. Splines:

The splines are the key design feature of a spline shaft. They are ridges or teeth that are machined onto the surface of the shaft. The splines create the interlocking mechanism with mating components, allowing for torque transmission and relative movement. The number, size, and shape of the splines can vary depending on the application requirements and design specifications.

3. Spline Profile:

The spline profile refers to the specific shape or geometry of the splines. Common types of spline profiles include involute, straight-sided, and serrated. The spline profile is chosen based on factors such as the torque transmission requirements, load distribution, and the desired engagement characteristics with mating components. The spline profile ensures optimal contact and torque transfer between the spline shaft and the mating component.

4. Spline Fit:

The spline fit refers to the dimensional relationship between the spline shaft and the mating component. It determines the clearance or interference between the splines, ensuring proper engagement and transmission of torque. The spline fit can be categorized into different classes, such as clearance fit, transition fit, or interference fit, based on the desired level of clearance or interference.

5. Surface Finish:

The surface finish of the spline shaft is crucial for its performance. The splines and the shaft body should have a smooth and consistent surface finish to minimize friction, wear, and the risk of stress concentrations. The surface finish can be achieved through machining, grinding, or other surface treatment methods to meet the required specifications.

6. Lubrication:

To ensure smooth operation and reduce wear, lubrication is often employed for spline shafts. Lubricants with appropriate viscosity and lubricating properties are applied to the spline interface to minimize friction, dissipate heat, and prevent premature wear or damage to the splines and mating components. Lubrication also helps in maintaining the functionality and prolonging the service life of the spline shaft.

7. Machining Tolerances:

Precision machining is critical for spline shafts to achieve the required dimensional accuracy and ensure proper engagement with mating components. Tight machining tolerances are maintained during the manufacturing process to ensure the spline profile, dimensions, and surface finish meet the specified design requirements. This ensures the interchangeability and compatibility of spline shafts in various applications.

In summary, the key components and design features of a spline shaft include the shaft body, splines, spline profile, spline fit, surface finish, lubrication, and machining tolerances. These elements work together to enable torque transmission, relative movement, and load distribution while ensuring the functionality, durability, and performance of the spline shaft.

China Good quality Custom CNC Machining Turning Spline Bolt Nut Hollow Threaded Spindle Gear Steel Propeller Drive Shaft of Motorcycle Electric Motor Auto Generator Transmission  China Good quality Custom CNC Machining Turning Spline Bolt Nut Hollow Threaded Spindle Gear Steel Propeller Drive Shaft of Motorcycle Electric Motor Auto Generator Transmission
editor by CX 2024-03-04

China wholesaler Custom CNC Machining Turning Spline Bolt Nut Hollow Threaded Spindle Gear Steel Propeller Drive Shaft of Motorcycle Electric Motor Auto Generator Transmission

Product Description

 

Basic Info. of Our Customized CNC Machining Parts
Quotation According To Your Drawings or Samples. (Size, Material, Thickness, Processing Content And Required Technology, etc.)
Tolerance  +/-0.005 – 0.01mm (Customizable)
Surface Roughness Ra0.2 – Ra3.2 (Customizable)
Materials Available Aluminum, Copper, Brass, Stainless Steel, Titanium, Iron, Plastic, Acrylic, PE, PVC, ABS, POM, PTFE etc.
Surface Treatment Polishing, Surface Chamfering, Hardening and Tempering, Nickel plating, Chrome plating, zinc plating, Laser engraving, Sandblasting, Passivating, Clear Anodized, Color Anodized, Sandblast Anodized, Chemical Film, Brushing, etc.
Processing Hot/Cold forging, Heat treatment, CNC Turning, Milling, Drilling and Tapping, Surface Treatment, Laser Cutting, Stamping, Die Casting, Injection Molding, etc.
Testing Equipment Coordinate Measuring Machine (CMM) / Vernier Caliper/ / Automatic Height Gauge /Hardness Tester /Surface Roughness Teste/Run-out Instrument/Optical Projector, Micrometer/ Salt spray testing machine
Drawing Formats PRO/E, Auto CAD, CHINAMFG Works , UG, CAD / CAM / CAE, PDF
Our Advantages 1.) 24 hours online service & quickly quote and delivery.
2.) 100% quality inspection (with Quality Inspection Report) before delivery. All our products are manufactured under ISO 9001:2015.
3.) A strong, professional and reliable technical team with 16+ years of manufacturing experience.
4.) We have stable supply chain partners, including raw material suppliers, bearing suppliers, forging plants, surface treatment plants, etc.
5.) We can provide customized assembly services for those customers who have assembly needs.

 

Available Material
Stainless Steel    SS201,SS301, SS303, SS304, SS316, SS416, etc.
Steel    mild steel, Carbon steel, 4140, 4340, Q235, Q345B, 20#, 45#, etc.
Brass    HPb63, HPb62, HPb61, HPb59, H59, H62, H68, H80, etc.
Copper     C11000, C12000,C12000, C36000 etc.
Aluminum     A380, AL2571, AL6061, Al6063, AL6082, AL7075, AL5052, etc.
Iron     A36, 45#, 1213, 12L14, 1215 etc.
Plastic     ABS, PC, PE, POM, Delrin, Nylon, PP, PEI, Peek etc.
Others     Various types of Titanium alloy, Rubber, Bronze, etc.

Available Surface Treatment
Stainless Steel Polishing, Passivating, Sandblasting, Laser engraving, etc.
Steel Zinc plating, Oxide black, Nickel plating, Chrome plating, Carburized, Powder Coated, etc.
Aluminum parts Clear Anodized, Color Anodized, Sandblast Anodized, Chemical Film, Brushing, Polishing, etc.
Plastic Plating gold(ABS), Painting, Brushing(Acylic), Laser engraving, etc.

FAQ:

Q1: Are you a trading company or a factory?
A1: We are a factory

Q2: How long is your delivery time?
A2: Samples are generally 3-7 days; bulk orders are 10-25 days, depending on the quantity and parts requirements.

Q3: Do you provide samples? Is it free or extra?
A3: Yes, we can provide samples, and we will charge you based on sample processing. The sample fee can be refunded after placing an order in batches.

Q4: Do you provide design drawings service?
A4: We mainly customize according to the drawings or samples provided by customers. For customers who don’t know much about drawing, we also   provide design and drawing services. You need to provide samples or sketches.

Q5: What about drawing confidentiality?
A5: The processed samples and drawings are strictly confidential and will not be disclosed to anyone else.

Q6: How do you guarantee the quality of your products?
A6: We have set up multiple inspection procedures and can provide quality inspection report before delivery. And we can also provide samples for you to test before mass production.
  /* March 10, 2571 17:59:20 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Certification: CE, RoHS, GS, ISO9001
Standard: DIN, ASTM, GOST, GB, JIS, ANSI, BS
Customized: Customized
Material: Metal
Application: Metal Recycling Machine, Metal Cutting Machine, Metal Straightening Machinery, Metal Spinning Machinery, Metal Processing Machinery Parts, Metal forging Machinery, Metal Engraving Machinery, Metal Drawing Machinery, Metal Coating Machinery, Metal Casting Machinery
Tolerance: +/-0.005 – 0.01mm
Samples:
US$ 1/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

spline shaft

How does the design of a spline shaft affect its performance?

The design of a spline shaft plays a crucial role in determining its performance characteristics. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Torque Transmission:

The design of the spline shaft directly affects its ability to transmit torque efficiently. Factors such as the spline profile, number of splines, and engagement length influence the torque-carrying capacity of the shaft. A well-designed spline profile with optimized dimensions ensures maximum contact area and load distribution, resulting in improved torque transmission.

2. Load Distribution:

A properly designed spline shaft distributes the applied load evenly across the engagement surfaces. This helps to minimize stress concentrations and prevents localized wear or failure. The design should consider factors such as spline profile geometry, tooth form, and surface finish to achieve optimal load distribution and enhance the overall performance of the shaft.

3. Misalignment Compensation:

Spline shafts can accommodate a certain degree of misalignment between the mating components. The design of the spline profile can incorporate features that allow for angular or parallel misalignment, ensuring effective power transmission even under misaligned conditions. Proper design considerations help maintain smooth operation and prevent excessive stress or premature failure.

4. Torsional Stiffness:

The design of the spline shaft influences its torsional stiffness, which is the resistance to twisting under torque. A stiffer shaft design reduces torsional deflection, improves torque response, and enhances the system’s overall performance. The shaft material, diameter, and spline profile all contribute to achieving the desired torsional stiffness.

5. Fatigue Resistance:

The design of the spline shaft should consider fatigue resistance to ensure long-term durability. Fatigue failure can occur due to repeated or cyclic loading. Proper design practices, such as optimizing the spline profile, selecting appropriate materials, and incorporating suitable surface treatments, can enhance the fatigue resistance of the shaft and extend its service life.

6. Surface Finish and Lubrication:

The surface finish of the spline shaft and the lubrication used significantly impact its performance. A smooth surface finish reduces friction, wear, and the potential for corrosion. Proper lubrication ensures adequate film formation, reduces heat generation, and minimizes wear. The design should incorporate considerations for surface finish requirements and lubrication provisions to optimize the shaft’s performance.

7. Environmental Considerations:

The design should take into account the specific environmental conditions in which the spline shaft will operate. Factors such as temperature, humidity, exposure to chemicals, or abrasive particles can affect the shaft’s performance and longevity. Suitable material selection, surface treatments, and sealing mechanisms can be incorporated into the design to withstand the environmental challenges.

8. Manufacturing Feasibility:

The design of the spline shaft should also consider manufacturing feasibility and cost-effectiveness. Complex designs may be challenging to produce or require specialized manufacturing processes, resulting in increased production costs. Balancing design complexity with manufacturability is crucial to ensure a practical and efficient manufacturing process.

By considering these design factors, engineers can optimize the performance of spline shafts, resulting in enhanced torque transmission, improved load distribution, misalignment compensation, torsional stiffness, fatigue resistance, surface finish, and environmental compatibility. A well-designed spline shaft contributes to the overall efficiency, reliability, and longevity of the mechanical system in which it is used.

spline shaft

What materials are commonly used in the construction of spline shafts?

Various materials are commonly used in the construction of spline shafts, depending on the specific application requirements. Here’s a list of commonly used materials:

1. Steel:

Steel is one of the most widely used materials for spline shafts. Different grades of steel, such as carbon steel, alloy steel, or stainless steel, can be employed based on factors like strength, hardness, and corrosion resistance. Steel offers excellent mechanical properties, including high strength, durability, and wear resistance, making it suitable for a broad range of applications.

2. Alloy Steel:

Alloy steel is a type of steel that contains additional alloying elements, such as chromium, molybdenum, or nickel. These alloying elements enhance the mechanical properties of the steel, providing improved strength, toughness, and wear resistance. Alloy steel spline shafts are commonly used in applications that require high torque capacity, durability, and resistance to fatigue.

3. Stainless Steel:

Stainless steel is known for its corrosion resistance properties, making it suitable for applications where the spline shaft is exposed to moisture or corrosive environments. Stainless steel spline shafts are commonly used in industries such as food processing, chemical processing, marine, and medical equipment.

4. Aluminum:

Aluminum is a lightweight material with good strength-to-weight ratio. It is often used in applications where weight reduction is a priority, such as automotive and aerospace industries. Aluminum spline shafts can provide advantages such as decreased rotating mass and improved fuel efficiency.

5. Titanium:

Titanium is a strong and lightweight material with excellent corrosion resistance. It is commonly used in high-performance applications where weight reduction, strength, and corrosion resistance are critical factors. Titanium spline shafts find applications in aerospace, motorsports, and high-end industrial equipment.

6. Brass:

Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc, offering good machinability and corrosion resistance. It is often used in applications that require electrical conductivity or a non-magnetic property. Brass spline shafts can be found in industries such as electronics, telecommunications, and instrumentation.

7. Plastics and Composite Materials:

In certain applications where weight reduction, corrosion resistance, or noise reduction is important, plastics or composite materials can be used for spline shafts. Materials such as nylon, acetal, or fiber-reinforced composites can provide specific advantages in terms of weight, low friction, and resistance to chemicals.

It’s important to note that material selection for spline shafts depends on factors such as load requirements, environmental conditions, operating temperatures, and cost considerations. Engineers and designers evaluate these factors to determine the most suitable material for a given application.

spline shaft

What are the key components and design features of a spline shaft?

A spline shaft consists of several key components and incorporates specific design features to ensure its functionality and performance. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Shaft Body:

The main component of a spline shaft is the shaft body, which provides the structural integrity and serves as the base for the spline features. The shaft body is typically cylindrical in shape and made from materials such as steel, stainless steel, or other alloyed metals. The material selection depends on factors like the application requirements, torque loads, and environmental conditions.

2. Splines:

The splines are the key design feature of a spline shaft. They are ridges or teeth that are machined onto the surface of the shaft. The splines create the interlocking mechanism with mating components, allowing for torque transmission and relative movement. The number, size, and shape of the splines can vary depending on the application requirements and design specifications.

3. Spline Profile:

The spline profile refers to the specific shape or geometry of the splines. Common types of spline profiles include involute, straight-sided, and serrated. The spline profile is chosen based on factors such as the torque transmission requirements, load distribution, and the desired engagement characteristics with mating components. The spline profile ensures optimal contact and torque transfer between the spline shaft and the mating component.

4. Spline Fit:

The spline fit refers to the dimensional relationship between the spline shaft and the mating component. It determines the clearance or interference between the splines, ensuring proper engagement and transmission of torque. The spline fit can be categorized into different classes, such as clearance fit, transition fit, or interference fit, based on the desired level of clearance or interference.

5. Surface Finish:

The surface finish of the spline shaft is crucial for its performance. The splines and the shaft body should have a smooth and consistent surface finish to minimize friction, wear, and the risk of stress concentrations. The surface finish can be achieved through machining, grinding, or other surface treatment methods to meet the required specifications.

6. Lubrication:

To ensure smooth operation and reduce wear, lubrication is often employed for spline shafts. Lubricants with appropriate viscosity and lubricating properties are applied to the spline interface to minimize friction, dissipate heat, and prevent premature wear or damage to the splines and mating components. Lubrication also helps in maintaining the functionality and prolonging the service life of the spline shaft.

7. Machining Tolerances:

Precision machining is critical for spline shafts to achieve the required dimensional accuracy and ensure proper engagement with mating components. Tight machining tolerances are maintained during the manufacturing process to ensure the spline profile, dimensions, and surface finish meet the specified design requirements. This ensures the interchangeability and compatibility of spline shafts in various applications.

In summary, the key components and design features of a spline shaft include the shaft body, splines, spline profile, spline fit, surface finish, lubrication, and machining tolerances. These elements work together to enable torque transmission, relative movement, and load distribution while ensuring the functionality, durability, and performance of the spline shaft.

China wholesaler Custom CNC Machining Turning Spline Bolt Nut Hollow Threaded Spindle Gear Steel Propeller Drive Shaft of Motorcycle Electric Motor Auto Generator Transmission  China wholesaler Custom CNC Machining Turning Spline Bolt Nut Hollow Threaded Spindle Gear Steel Propeller Drive Shaft of Motorcycle Electric Motor Auto Generator Transmission
editor by CX 2024-01-19

China Hot selling Custom CNC Machining Turning Spline Bolt Nut Hollow Threaded Spindle Gear Steel Propeller Drive Shaft of Motorcycle Electric Motor Auto Generator Transmission

Product Description

 

Basic Info. of Our Customized CNC Machining Parts
Quotation According To Your Drawings or Samples. (Size, Material, Thickness, Processing Content And Required Technology, etc.)
Tolerance  +/-0.005 – 0.01mm (Customizable)
Surface Roughness Ra0.2 – Ra3.2 (Customizable)
Materials Available Aluminum, Copper, Brass, Stainless Steel, Titanium, Iron, Plastic, Acrylic, PE, PVC, ABS, POM, PTFE etc.
Surface Treatment Polishing, Surface Chamfering, Hardening and Tempering, Nickel plating, Chrome plating, zinc plating, Laser engraving, Sandblasting, Passivating, Clear Anodized, Color Anodized, Sandblast Anodized, Chemical Film, Brushing, etc.
Processing Hot/Cold forging, Heat treatment, CNC Turning, Milling, Drilling and Tapping, Surface Treatment, Laser Cutting, Stamping, Die Casting, Injection Molding, etc.
Testing Equipment Coordinate Measuring Machine (CMM) / Vernier Caliper/ / Automatic Height Gauge /Hardness Tester /Surface Roughness Teste/Run-out Instrument/Optical Projector, Micrometer/ Salt spray testing machine
Drawing Formats PRO/E, Auto CAD, CHINAMFG Works , UG, CAD / CAM / CAE, PDF
Our Advantages 1.) 24 hours online service & quickly quote and delivery.
2.) 100% quality inspection (with Quality Inspection Report) before delivery. All our products are manufactured under ISO 9001:2015.
3.) A strong, professional and reliable technical team with 16+ years of manufacturing experience.
4.) We have stable supply chain partners, including raw material suppliers, bearing suppliers, forging plants, surface treatment plants, etc.
5.) We can provide customized assembly services for those customers who have assembly needs.

 

Available Material
Stainless Steel    SS201,SS301, SS303, SS304, SS316, SS416, etc.
Steel    mild steel, Carbon steel, 4140, 4340, Q235, Q345B, 20#, 45#, etc.
Brass    HPb63, HPb62, HPb61, HPb59, H59, H62, H68, H80, etc.
Copper     C11000, C12000,C12000, C36000 etc.
Aluminum     A380, AL2571, AL6061, Al6063, AL6082, AL7075, AL5052, etc.
Iron     A36, 45#, 1213, 12L14, 1215 etc.
Plastic     ABS, PC, PE, POM, Delrin, Nylon, PP, PEI, Peek etc.
Others     Various types of Titanium alloy, Rubber, Bronze, etc.

Available Surface Treatment
Stainless Steel Polishing, Passivating, Sandblasting, Laser engraving, etc.
Steel Zinc plating, Oxide black, Nickel plating, Chrome plating, Carburized, Powder Coated, etc.
Aluminum parts Clear Anodized, Color Anodized, Sandblast Anodized, Chemical Film, Brushing, Polishing, etc.
Plastic Plating gold(ABS), Painting, Brushing(Acylic), Laser engraving, etc.

FAQ:

Q1: Are you a trading company or a factory?
A1: We are a factory

Q2: How long is your delivery time?
A2: Samples are generally 3-7 days; bulk orders are 10-25 days, depending on the quantity and parts requirements.

Q3: Do you provide samples? Is it free or extra?
A3: Yes, we can provide samples, and we will charge you based on sample processing. The sample fee can be refunded after placing an order in batches.

Q4: Do you provide design drawings service?
A4: We mainly customize according to the drawings or samples provided by customers. For customers who don’t know much about drawing, we also   provide design and drawing services. You need to provide samples or sketches.

Q5: What about drawing confidentiality?
A5: The processed samples and drawings are strictly confidential and will not be disclosed to anyone else.

Q6: How do you guarantee the quality of your products?
A6: We have set up multiple inspection procedures and can provide quality inspection report before delivery. And we can also provide samples for you to test before mass production.
  /* March 10, 2571 17:59:20 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

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Material: Metal
Application: Metal Recycling Machine, Metal Cutting Machine, Metal Straightening Machinery, Metal Spinning Machinery, Metal Processing Machinery Parts, Metal forging Machinery, Metal Engraving Machinery, Metal Drawing Machinery, Metal Coating Machinery, Metal Casting Machinery
Tolerance: +/-0.005 – 0.01mm
Samples:
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spline shaft

How does the design of a spline shaft affect its performance?

The design of a spline shaft plays a crucial role in determining its performance characteristics. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Torque Transmission:

The design of the spline shaft directly affects its ability to transmit torque efficiently. Factors such as the spline profile, number of splines, and engagement length influence the torque-carrying capacity of the shaft. A well-designed spline profile with optimized dimensions ensures maximum contact area and load distribution, resulting in improved torque transmission.

2. Load Distribution:

A properly designed spline shaft distributes the applied load evenly across the engagement surfaces. This helps to minimize stress concentrations and prevents localized wear or failure. The design should consider factors such as spline profile geometry, tooth form, and surface finish to achieve optimal load distribution and enhance the overall performance of the shaft.

3. Misalignment Compensation:

Spline shafts can accommodate a certain degree of misalignment between the mating components. The design of the spline profile can incorporate features that allow for angular or parallel misalignment, ensuring effective power transmission even under misaligned conditions. Proper design considerations help maintain smooth operation and prevent excessive stress or premature failure.

4. Torsional Stiffness:

The design of the spline shaft influences its torsional stiffness, which is the resistance to twisting under torque. A stiffer shaft design reduces torsional deflection, improves torque response, and enhances the system’s overall performance. The shaft material, diameter, and spline profile all contribute to achieving the desired torsional stiffness.

5. Fatigue Resistance:

The design of the spline shaft should consider fatigue resistance to ensure long-term durability. Fatigue failure can occur due to repeated or cyclic loading. Proper design practices, such as optimizing the spline profile, selecting appropriate materials, and incorporating suitable surface treatments, can enhance the fatigue resistance of the shaft and extend its service life.

6. Surface Finish and Lubrication:

The surface finish of the spline shaft and the lubrication used significantly impact its performance. A smooth surface finish reduces friction, wear, and the potential for corrosion. Proper lubrication ensures adequate film formation, reduces heat generation, and minimizes wear. The design should incorporate considerations for surface finish requirements and lubrication provisions to optimize the shaft’s performance.

7. Environmental Considerations:

The design should take into account the specific environmental conditions in which the spline shaft will operate. Factors such as temperature, humidity, exposure to chemicals, or abrasive particles can affect the shaft’s performance and longevity. Suitable material selection, surface treatments, and sealing mechanisms can be incorporated into the design to withstand the environmental challenges.

8. Manufacturing Feasibility:

The design of the spline shaft should also consider manufacturing feasibility and cost-effectiveness. Complex designs may be challenging to produce or require specialized manufacturing processes, resulting in increased production costs. Balancing design complexity with manufacturability is crucial to ensure a practical and efficient manufacturing process.

By considering these design factors, engineers can optimize the performance of spline shafts, resulting in enhanced torque transmission, improved load distribution, misalignment compensation, torsional stiffness, fatigue resistance, surface finish, and environmental compatibility. A well-designed spline shaft contributes to the overall efficiency, reliability, and longevity of the mechanical system in which it is used.

spline shaft

Can spline shafts be used in automotive applications, and if so, how?

Yes, spline shafts are extensively used in automotive applications due to their ability to transmit torque and provide reliable power transmission. Here’s how spline shafts are used in automotive applications:

Spline shafts play a crucial role in various automotive systems and components, including:

  • Drivetrain: Spline shafts are an integral part of the drivetrain system in vehicles. They transmit torque from the engine to the wheels, allowing the vehicle to move. Spline shafts are present in components such as the transmission, differential, and axle shafts. In manual transmissions, the spline shaft connects the transmission input shaft to the clutch disc, enabling power transfer from the engine. In automatic transmissions, spline shafts are used in the torque converter and the output shaft.
  • Steering System: Spline shafts are employed in the steering system to transmit torque from the steering wheel to the steering rack or gearbox. They provide a direct connection between the driver’s input and the movement of the wheels, allowing for steering control.
  • Power Take-Off (PTO) Systems: Some vehicles, particularly commercial trucks and agricultural machinery, utilize PTO systems. Spline shafts are used in PTOs to transfer power from the vehicle’s engine to auxiliary equipment, such as hydraulic pumps, generators, or agricultural implements.
  • Transfer Cases: In four-wheel-drive (4WD) or all-wheel-drive (AWD) vehicles, transfer cases are used to distribute power to the front and rear axles. Spline shafts are utilized in the transfer case to transfer torque between the transmission and the front and rear drive shafts.
  • Propeller Shafts: Spline shafts are present in propeller shafts, which transmit torque from the transmission or transfer case to the rear axle in rear-wheel-drive vehicles. They accommodate the relative movement between the transmission and the axle due to suspension travel.

In automotive applications, spline shafts are designed to withstand high torque loads, provide precise torque transmission, and accommodate misalignments and fluctuations in operating conditions. They are typically made from high-strength steel or alloy materials to ensure durability and resistance to wear. Proper lubrication is essential to minimize friction and ensure smooth operation.

The use of spline shafts in automotive applications allows for efficient power transmission, precise control, and reliable performance, contributing to the overall functionality and drivability of vehicles.

spline shaft

Can you explain the common applications of spline shafts in machinery?

Spline shafts have various common applications in machinery where torque transmission, relative movement, and load distribution are essential. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Gearboxes and Transmissions:

Spline shafts are commonly used in gearboxes and transmissions where they facilitate the transmission of torque from the input shaft to the output shaft. The splines on the shaft engage with corresponding splines on the gears, allowing for precise torque transfer and accommodating relative movement between the gears.

2. Power Take-Off (PTO) Units:

In agricultural and industrial machinery, spline shafts are employed in power take-off (PTO) units. PTO units allow the transfer of power from the engine to auxiliary equipment, such as pumps, generators, or farm implements. Spline shafts enable the torque transfer and accommodate the relative movement required for PTO operation.

3. Steering Systems:

Spline shafts play a crucial role in steering systems, especially in vehicles. They are used in steering columns to transmit torque from the steering wheel to the steering rack or gearbox. The splines on the shaft ensure precise torque transfer while allowing for the axial movement required for steering wheel adjustment.

4. Machine Tools:

Spline shafts find applications in machine tools such as milling machines, lathes, and grinding machines. They are used to transmit torque and enable the relative movement required for tool positioning, feed control, and spindle rotation. Spline shafts ensure accurate and controlled movement of the machine tool components.

5. Industrial Pumps and Compressors:

Spline shafts are utilized in various types of pumps and compressors, including centrifugal pumps, gear pumps, and reciprocating compressors. They transmit torque from the driver (such as an electric motor or an engine) to the impeller or rotor, enabling fluid or gas transfer. Spline shafts accommodate the axial or radial movement caused by thermal expansion or misalignment.

6. Printing and Packaging Machinery:

Spline shafts are integral components in printing and packaging machinery. They are used in processes such as web handling, where precise torque transmission and relative movement are required for tasks like tension control, registration, and material feeding. Spline shafts ensure accurate and synchronized movement of the printing and packaging elements.

7. Aerospace and Defense Systems:

In the aerospace and defense industries, spline shafts are utilized in various applications, including aircraft landing gear systems, missile guidance systems, and helicopter rotor systems. They enable torque transmission, accommodate relative movement, and ensure precise control in critical aerospace and defense mechanisms.

8. Construction and Earthmoving Equipment:

Spline shafts are employed in construction and earthmoving equipment, such as excavators, bulldozers, and loaders. They are used in hydraulic systems to transmit torque from the hydraulic motor to the driven components, such as the digger arm or the bucket. Spline shafts enable efficient power transfer and allow for the articulation and movement of the equipment.

These are just a few examples of the common applications of spline shafts in machinery. Their versatility, torque transmission capabilities, and ability to accommodate relative movement make them essential components in various industries where precise power transfer and flexibility are required.

China Hot selling Custom CNC Machining Turning Spline Bolt Nut Hollow Threaded Spindle Gear Steel Propeller Drive Shaft of Motorcycle Electric Motor Auto Generator Transmission  China Hot selling Custom CNC Machining Turning Spline Bolt Nut Hollow Threaded Spindle Gear Steel Propeller Drive Shaft of Motorcycle Electric Motor Auto Generator Transmission
editor by CX 2023-12-28

China wholesaler CNC Machining Turning Steel Iron Motorcycle Bicycle Auto Gearbox Reducer Spline Gear Drive Shaft manufacturer

Product Description

Hi! dear,

We are HangZhou Hanryk Preicison Parts Co., LTD, with 16 years experience of manufacturing and exporting CNC machining precision parts, laser-cutting parts, stamping parts and so on.  Please provide 2D or 3D drawings of the spare parts you need and tell us your required quantities. We will provide a quick and attractive quote.

We can produce customized parts including bicycle parts, motorcycle parts, auto parts, special-shaped part, output shaft, auto motor shafts, worm, auto axle, shaft sleeve, drive shaft, sprockets, steering and transmission systems, engine parts, shock absorber parts, brakes, brackets, body parts, aircraft parts, agricultural machinery parts , Medical titanium alloy accessories, manipulator accessories, sensor accessories, instrumentation parts, instrument/device housings, gear shafts, motorcycle / bicycle accessories, gears, spindle, enclosure, guide rails, ball screws, splines, screws and nuts, spacers, bearing accessories, Flanges, valves, etc.

 

Basic Info. of Our Customized CNC Machining Parts
Quotation According To Your Drawings or Samples. (Size, Material, Thickness, Processing Content And Required Technology, etc.)
Tolerance  +/-0.005 – 0.01mm (Customizable)
Surface Roughness Ra0.2 – Ra3.2 (Customizable)
Materials Available Aluminum, Copper, Brass, Stainless Steel, Titanium, Iron, Plastic, Acrylic, PE, PVC, ABS, POM, PTFE etc.
Surface Treatment Polishing, Surface Chamfering, Hardening and Tempering, Nickel plating, Chrome plating, zinc plating, Laser engraving, Sandblasting, Passivating, Clear Anodized, Color Anodized, Sandblast Anodized, Chemical Film, Brushing, etc.
Processing Hot/Cold forging, Heat treatment, CNC Turning, Milling, Drilling and Tapping, Surface Treatment, Laser Cutting, Stamping, Die Casting, Injection Molding, etc.
Testing Equipment Coordinate Measuring Machine (CMM) / Vernier Caliper/ / Automatic Height Gauge /Hardness Tester /Surface Roughness Teste/Run-out Instrument/Optical Projector, Micrometer/ Salt spray testing machine
Drawing Formats PRO/E, Auto CAD, CZPT Works , UG, CAD / CAM / CAE, PDF
Our Advantages 1.) 24 hours online service & quickly quote and delivery.
2.) 100% quality inspection (with Quality Inspection Report) before delivery. All our products are manufactured under ISO 9001:2015.
3.) A strong, professional and reliable technical team with 16+ years of manufacturing experience.
4.) We have stable supply chain partners, including raw material suppliers, bearing suppliers, forging plants, surface treatment plants, etc.
5.) We can provide customized assembly services for those customers who have assembly needs.

 

Available Material
Stainless Steel    SS201,SS301, SS303, SS304, SS316, SS416, etc.
Steel    mild steel, Carbon steel, 4140, 4340, Q235, Q345B, 20#, 45#, etc.
Brass    HPb63, HPb62, HPb61, HPb59, H59, H62, H68, H80, etc.
Copper     C11000, C12000,C12000, C36000 etc.
Aluminum     A380, AL2571, AL6061, Al6063, AL6082, AL7075, AL5052, etc.
Iron     A36, 45#, 1213, 12L14, 1215 etc.
Plastic     ABS, PC, PE, POM, Delrin, Nylon, PP, PEI, Peek etc.
Others     Various types of Titanium alloy, Rubber, Bronze, etc.

 

Available Surface Treatment
Stainless Steel Polishing, Passivating, Sandblasting, Laser engraving, etc.
Steel Zinc plating, Oxide black, Nickel plating, Chrome plating, Carburized, Powder Coated, etc.
Aluminum parts Clear Anodized, Color Anodized, Sandblast Anodized, Chemical Film, Brushing, Polishing, etc.
Plastic Plating gold(ABS), Painting, Brushing(Acylic), Laser engraving, etc.

FAQ:

Q1: Are you a trading company or a factory?
A1: We are a factory

Q2: How long is your delivery time?
A2: Samples are generally 3-7 days; bulk orders are 10-25 days, depending on the quantity and parts requirements.

Q3: Do you provide samples? Is it free or extra?
A3: Yes, we can provide samples, and we will charge you based on sample processing. The sample fee can be refunded after placing an order in batches.

Q4: Do you provide design drawings service?
A4: We mainly customize according to the drawings or samples provided by customers. For customers who don’t know much about drawing, we also   provide design and drawing services. You need to provide samples or sketches.

Q5: What about drawing confidentiality?
A5: The processed samples and drawings are strictly confidential and will not be disclosed to anyone else.

Q6: How do you guarantee the quality of your products?
A6: We have set up multiple inspection procedures and can provide quality inspection report before delivery. And we can also provide samples for you to test before mass production.

After-sales Service: 1 Year
Condition: New
Axle Number: 1
Application: Car
Certification: ASTM, CE, DIN, ISO
Material: Steel
Samples:
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1 Piece(Min.Order)

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Customization:
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splineshaft

Stiffness and Torsional Vibration of Spline-Couplings

In this paper, we describe some basic characteristics of spline-coupling and examine its torsional vibration behavior. We also explore the effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling. These results will assist in the design of improved spline-coupling systems for various applications. The results are presented in Table 1.

Stiffness of spline-coupling

The stiffness of a spline-coupling is a function of the meshing force between the splines in a rotor-spline coupling system and the static vibration displacement. The meshing force depends on the coupling parameters such as the transmitting torque and the spline thickness. It increases nonlinearly with the spline thickness.
A simplified spline-coupling model can be used to evaluate the load distribution of splines under vibration and transient loads. The axle spline sleeve is displaced a z-direction and a resistance moment T is applied to the outer face of the sleeve. This simple model can satisfy a wide range of engineering requirements but may suffer from complex loading conditions. Its asymmetric clearance may affect its engagement behavior and stress distribution patterns.
The results of the simulations show that the maximum vibration acceleration in both Figures 10 and 22 was 3.03 g/s. This results indicate that a misalignment in the circumferential direction increases the instantaneous impact. Asymmetry in the coupling geometry is also found in the meshing. The right-side spline’s teeth mesh tightly while those on the left side are misaligned.
Considering the spline-coupling geometry, a semi-analytical model is used to compute stiffness. This model is a simplified form of a classical spline-coupling model, with submatrices defining the shape and stiffness of the joint. As the design clearance is a known value, the stiffness of a spline-coupling system can be analyzed using the same formula.
The results of the simulations also show that the spline-coupling system can be modeled using MASTA, a high-level commercial CAE tool for transmission analysis. In this case, the spline segments were modeled as a series of spline segments with variable stiffness, which was calculated based on the initial gap between spline teeth. Then, the spline segments were modelled as a series of splines of increasing stiffness, accounting for different manufacturing variations. The resulting analysis of the spline-coupling geometry is compared to those of the finite-element approach.
Despite the high stiffness of a spline-coupling system, the contact status of the contact surfaces often changes. In addition, spline coupling affects the lateral vibration and deformation of the rotor. However, stiffness nonlinearity is not well studied in splined rotors because of the lack of a fully analytical model.
splineshaft

Characteristics of spline-coupling

The study of spline-coupling involves a number of design factors. These include weight, materials, and performance requirements. Weight is particularly important in the aeronautics field. Weight is often an issue for design engineers because materials have varying dimensional stability, weight, and durability. Additionally, space constraints and other configuration restrictions may require the use of spline-couplings in certain applications.
The main parameters to consider for any spline-coupling design are the maximum principal stress, the maldistribution factor, and the maximum tooth-bearing stress. The magnitude of each of these parameters must be smaller than or equal to the external spline diameter, in order to provide stability. The outer diameter of the spline must be at least four inches larger than the inner diameter of the spline.
Once the physical design is validated, the spline coupling knowledge base is created. This model is pre-programmed and stores the design parameter signals, including performance and manufacturing constraints. It then compares the parameter values to the design rule signals, and constructs a geometric representation of the spline coupling. A visual model is created from the input signals, and can be manipulated by changing different parameters and specifications.
The stiffness of a spline joint is another important parameter for determining the spline-coupling stiffness. The stiffness distribution of the spline joint affects the rotor’s lateral vibration and deformation. A finite element method is a useful technique for obtaining lateral stiffness of spline joints. This method involves many mesh refinements and requires a high computational cost.
The diameter of the spline-coupling must be large enough to transmit the torque. A spline with a larger diameter may have greater torque-transmitting capacity because it has a smaller circumference. However, the larger diameter of a spline is thinner than the shaft, and the latter may be more suitable if the torque is spread over a greater number of teeth.
Spline-couplings are classified according to their tooth profile along the axial and radial directions. The radial and axial tooth profiles affect the component’s behavior and wear damage. Splines with a crowned tooth profile are prone to angular misalignment. Typically, these spline-couplings are oversized to ensure durability and safety.

Stiffness of spline-coupling in torsional vibration analysis

This article presents a general framework for the study of torsional vibration caused by the stiffness of spline-couplings in aero-engines. It is based on a previous study on spline-couplings. It is characterized by the following three factors: bending stiffness, total flexibility, and tangential stiffness. The first criterion is the equivalent diameter of external and internal splines. Both the spline-coupling stiffness and the displacement of splines are evaluated by using the derivative of the total flexibility.
The stiffness of a spline joint can vary based on the distribution of load along the spline. Variables affecting the stiffness of spline joints include the torque level, tooth indexing errors, and misalignment. To explore the effects of these variables, an analytical formula is developed. The method is applicable for various kinds of spline joints, such as splines with multiple components.
Despite the difficulty of calculating spline-coupling stiffness, it is possible to model the contact between the teeth of the shaft and the hub using an analytical approach. This approach helps in determining key magnitudes of coupling operation such as contact peak pressures, reaction moments, and angular momentum. This approach allows for accurate results for spline-couplings and is suitable for both torsional vibration and structural vibration analysis.
The stiffness of spline-coupling is commonly assumed to be rigid in dynamic models. However, various dynamic phenomena associated with spline joints must be captured in high-fidelity drivetrain models. To accomplish this, a general analytical stiffness formulation is proposed based on a semi-analytical spline load distribution model. The resulting stiffness matrix contains radial and tilting stiffness values as well as torsional stiffness. The analysis is further simplified with the blockwise inversion method.
It is essential to consider the torsional vibration of a power transmission system before selecting the coupling. An accurate analysis of torsional vibration is crucial for coupling safety. This article also discusses case studies of spline shaft wear and torsionally-induced failures. The discussion will conclude with the development of a robust and efficient method to simulate these problems in real-life scenarios.
splineshaft

Effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling

In this study, the effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline coupling is investigated. The stability boundary and mechanism of rotor instability are analyzed. We find that the meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling increases nonlinearly with spline thickness. The results demonstrate that the misalignment is responsible for the instability of the rotor-spline coupling system.
An intentional spline misalignment is introduced to achieve an interference fit and zero backlash condition. This leads to uneven load distribution among the spline teeth. A further spline misalignment of 50um can result in rotor-spline coupling failure. The maximum tensile root stress shifted to the left under this condition.
Positive spline misalignment increases the gear mesh misalignment. Conversely, negative spline misalignment has no effect. The right-handed spline misalignment is opposite to the helix hand. The high contact area is moved from the center to the left side. In both cases, gear mesh is misaligned due to deflection and tilting of the gear under load.
This variation of the tooth surface is measured as the change in clearance in the transverse plain. The radial and axial clearance values are the same, while the difference between the two is less. In addition to the frictional force, the axial clearance of the splines is the same, which increases the gear mesh misalignment. Hence, the same procedure can be used to determine the frictional force of a rotor-spline coupling.
Gear mesh misalignment influences spline-rotor coupling performance. This misalignment changes the distribution of the gear mesh and alters contact and bending stresses. Therefore, it is essential to understand the effects of misalignment in spline couplings. Using a simplified system of helical gear pair, Hong et al. examined the load distribution along the tooth interface of the spline. This misalignment caused the flank contact pattern to change. The misaligned teeth exhibited deflection under load and developed a tilting moment on the gear.
The effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline couplings is minimized by using a mechanism that reduces backlash. The mechanism comprises cooperably splined male and female members. One member is formed by two coaxially aligned splined segments with end surfaces shaped to engage in sliding relationship. The connecting device applies axial loads to these segments, causing them to rotate relative to one another.

China wholesaler CNC Machining Turning Steel Iron Motorcycle Bicycle Auto Gearbox Reducer Spline Gear Drive Shaft   manufacturer China wholesaler CNC Machining Turning Steel Iron Motorcycle Bicycle Auto Gearbox Reducer Spline Gear Drive Shaft   manufacturer
editor by CX 2023-10-25

China factory Auto Parts Spline Shaft with Gears 45 ODM/OEM CNC Machining Lathing/Milling/Drilling/Knurling/Grinding for Outdoor Equipment/Vehicle Transmission/Gearbox

Product Description

You can kindly find the specification details below:

HangZhou Mastery Machinery Technology Co., LTD helps manufacturers and brands fulfill their machinery parts by precision manufacturing. High precision machinery products like the shaft, worm screw, bushing, couplings, joints……Our products are used widely in electronic motors, the main shaft of the engine, the transmission shaft in the gearbox, couplers, printers, pumps, drones, and so on. They cater to different industries, including automotive, industrial, power tools, garden tools, healthcare, smart home, etc.

Mastery caters to the industrial industry by offering high-level Cardan shafts, pump shafts, and a bushing that come in different sizes ranging from diameter 3mm-50mm. Our products are specifically formulated for transmissions, robots, gearboxes, industrial fans, and drones, etc.

Mastery factory currently has more than 100 main production equipment such as CNC lathe, CNC machining center, CAM Automatic Lathe, grinding machine, hobbing machine, etc. The production capacity can be up to 5-micron mechanical tolerance accuracy, automatic wiring machine processing range covering 3mm-50mm diameter bar.

Key Specifications:

Name Shaft/Motor Shaft/Drive Shaft/Gear Shaft/Pump Shaft/Worm Screw/Worm Gear/Bushing/Ring/Joint/Pin
Material 40Cr/35C/GB45/70Cr/40CrMo
Process Machining/Lathing/Milling/Drilling/Grinding/Polishing
Size 2-400mm(Customized)
Diameter φ15(Customized)
Diameter Tolerance 0.01mm
Roundness 0.003mm
Roughness Ra0.4
Straightness 0.008mm
Hardness HRC45-50
Length 40mm(Customized)
Heat Treatment Customized
Surface treatment Coating/Ni plating/Zn plating/QPQ/Carbonization/Quenching/Black Treatment/Steaming Treatment/Nitrocarburizing/Carbonitriding

Quality Management:

  • Raw Material Quality Control: Chemical Composition Analysis, Mechanical Performance Test, ROHS, and Mechanical Dimension Check
  • Production Process Quality Control: Full-size inspection for the 1st part, Critical size process inspection, SPC process monitoring
  • Lab ability: CMM, OGP, XRF, Roughness meter, Profiler, Automatic optical inspector
  • Quality system: ISO9001, IATF 16949, ISO14001
  • Eco-Friendly: ROHS, Reach.

Packaging and Shipping:  

Throughout the entire process of our supply chain management, consistent on-time delivery is vital and very important for the success of our business.

Mastery utilizes several different shipping methods that are detailed below:

For Samples/Small Q’ty: By Express Services or Air Fright.

For Formal Order: By Sea or by air according to your requirement.

 

Mastery Services:

  • One-Stop solution from idea to product/ODM&OEM acceptable
  • Individual research and sourcing/purchasing tasks
  • Individual supplier management/development, on-site quality check projects
  • Muti-varieties/small batch/customization/trial orders are acceptable
  • Flexibility on quantity/Quick samples
  • Forecast and raw material preparation in advance are negotiable
  • Quick quotes and quick responses

General Parameters:

If you are looking for a reliable machinery product partner, you can rely on Mastery. Work with us and let us help you grow your business using our customizable and affordable products.

Material: Carbon Steel
Load: Drive Shaft
Stiffness & Flexibility: Stiffness / Rigid Axle
Journal Diameter Dimensional Accuracy: IT6-IT9
Axis Shape: Straight Shaft
Shaft Shape: Real Axis
Customization:
Available

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Customized Request

spline shaft

How do spline shafts handle variations in torque and rotational force?

Spline shafts are designed to handle variations in torque and rotational force in mechanical systems. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Interlocking Splines:

Spline shafts have a series of interlocking splines along their length. These splines engage with corresponding splines on the mating component, such as gears or couplings. The interlocking design ensures a secure and robust connection, capable of transmitting torque and rotational force.

2. Load Distribution:

When torque is applied to a spline shaft, the load is distributed across the entire engagement surface of the splines. This helps to minimize stress concentrations and prevents localized wear or failure. The load distribution capability of spline shafts allows them to handle variations in torque and rotational force effectively.

3. Material Selection:

Spline shafts are typically made from materials with high strength and durability, such as alloy steels. The material selection is crucial in handling variations in torque and rotational force. It ensures that the spline shaft can withstand the applied loads without deformation or failure.

4. Spline Profile:

The design of the spline profile also contributes to the handling of torque variations. The spline profile determines the contact area and the distribution of forces along the splines. By optimizing the spline profile, manufacturers can enhance the load-carrying capacity and improve the ability of the spline shaft to handle variations in torque.

5. Surface Finish and Lubrication:

Proper surface finish and lubrication play a crucial role in the performance of spline shafts. A smooth surface finish reduces friction and wear, while suitable lubrication minimizes heat generation and ensures smooth operation. These factors help in handling variations in torque and rotational force by reducing the impact of friction and wear on the spline engagement.

6. Design Considerations:

Engineers take several design considerations into account to ensure spline shafts can handle variations in torque and rotational force. These considerations include appropriate spline dimensions, tooth profile geometry, spline fit tolerance, and the selection of mating components. By carefully designing the spline shaft and its mating components, engineers can optimize the system’s performance and reliability.

7. Overload Protection:

In some applications, spline shafts may be equipped with overload protection mechanisms. These mechanisms, such as shear pins or torque limiters, are designed to disconnect the drive temporarily or slip when the torque exceeds a certain threshold. This protects the spline shaft and other components from damage due to excessive torque.

Overall, spline shafts handle variations in torque and rotational force through their interlocking splines, load distribution capability, appropriate material selection, optimized spline profiles, surface finish, lubrication, design considerations, and, in some cases, overload protection mechanisms. These features ensure efficient torque transmission and enable spline shafts to withstand the demands of various mechanical systems.

spline shaft

How do spline shafts handle variations in environmental conditions?

Spline shafts are designed to handle variations in environmental conditions and maintain their performance and reliability. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Temperature Variations:

Spline shafts are engineered to withstand a wide range of temperature variations. They are constructed from materials that exhibit good thermal stability, such as high-grade steels or alloys. These materials have low coefficients of thermal expansion, minimizing the effects of temperature changes on the shaft’s dimensional stability. Additionally, proper lubrication with temperature-resistant lubricants helps reduce friction and wear in the spline engagement, even under extreme temperature conditions.

2. Moisture and Corrosion Resistance:

Spline shafts can be designed to resist moisture and corrosion, ensuring their performance in humid or corrosive environments. Protective coatings, such as platings or surface treatments, can be applied to the shaft’s surfaces to enhance their resistance to moisture, oxidation, and corrosion. Additionally, selecting materials with inherent corrosion resistance, such as stainless steel or specialized alloys, can further enhance the spline shaft’s ability to handle environmental conditions.

3. Dust and Contaminant Protection:

Spline shafts used in environments with high levels of dust, dirt, or contaminants can be equipped with protective measures. Seals, gaskets, or covers can be employed to prevent the ingress of particles into the spline engagement. These protective measures help maintain the integrity of the spline profile, minimize wear, and ensure smooth operation even in dirty or dusty conditions.

4. Lubrication and Maintenance:

Proper lubrication is essential for the reliable operation of spline shafts, especially in challenging environmental conditions. Lubricants with appropriate viscosity and additives can be selected to provide effective lubrication and protection against wear, friction, and corrosion. Regular maintenance and lubrication intervals should be followed to ensure optimal performance and longevity of the spline shaft.

5. Shock and Vibration Resistance:

Spline shafts are designed to withstand shock and vibration encountered in various applications. The spline engagement and shaft design can incorporate features such as tighter tolerances, increased contact area, or damping elements to minimize the effects of shock and vibration. Additionally, proper fastening and mounting techniques help secure the shaft and reduce the risk of loosening or failure due to dynamic loads.

6. Environmental Sealing:

In certain applications where spline shafts are exposed to harsh environmental conditions, such as underwater or in chemical environments, environmental sealing can be employed. Sealing methods such as O-rings, gaskets, or specialized seals provide an additional barrier against external elements, ensuring the integrity and performance of the spline shaft.

7. Compliance with Standards:

Spline shafts used in specific industries or applications may need to comply with industry standards or regulations regarding environmental conditions. Manufacturers can design and test their spline shafts to meet these requirements, ensuring that the shafts can handle the specified environmental conditions and perform reliably.

By incorporating design considerations, appropriate materials, protective coatings, lubrication, and maintenance practices, spline shafts can effectively handle variations in environmental conditions. This enables them to maintain their functionality, performance, and longevity even in challenging operating environments.

spline shaft

What is a spline shaft and what is its primary function?

A spline shaft is a mechanical component that consists of a series of ridges or teeth (called splines) that are machined onto the surface of the shaft. Its primary function is to transmit torque while allowing for the relative movement or sliding of mating components. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Structure and Design:

A spline shaft typically has a cylindrical shape with external or internal splines. The external spline shaft has splines on the outer surface, while the internal spline shaft has splines on the inner bore. The number, size, and shape of the splines can vary depending on the specific application and design requirements.

2. Torque Transmission:

The main function of a spline shaft is to transmit torque between two mating components, such as gears, couplings, or other rotational elements. The splines on the shaft engage with corresponding splines on the mating component, creating a mechanical interlock. When torque is applied to the spline shaft, the engagement between the splines ensures that the rotational force is transferred from the shaft to the mating component, allowing the system to transmit power.

3. Relative Movement:

Unlike other types of shafts, a spline shaft allows for relative movement or sliding between the shaft and the mating component. This sliding motion can be axial (along the shaft’s axis) or radial (perpendicular to the shaft’s axis). The splines provide a precise and controlled interface that allows for this movement while maintaining torque transmission. This feature is particularly useful in applications where axial or radial displacement or misalignment needs to be accommodated.

4. Load Distribution:

Another important function of a spline shaft is to distribute the applied load evenly along its length. The splines create multiple contact points between the shaft and the mating component, which helps to distribute the torque and axial or radial forces over a larger surface area. This load distribution minimizes stress concentrations and reduces the risk of premature wear or failure.

5. Versatility and Applications:

Spline shafts find applications in various industries and systems, including automotive, aerospace, machinery, and power transmission. They are commonly used in gearboxes, drive systems, power take-off units, steering systems, and many other rotational mechanisms where torque transmission, relative movement, and load distribution are essential.

6. Design Considerations:

When designing a spline shaft, factors such as the torque requirements, speed, applied loads, and environmental conditions need to be considered. The spline geometry, material selection, and surface finish are critical for ensuring proper engagement, load-bearing capacity, and durability of the spline shaft.

In summary, a spline shaft is a mechanical component with splines that allows for torque transmission while accommodating relative movement or sliding between mating components. Its primary function is to transmit rotational force, distribute loads, and enable axial or radial displacement in various applications requiring precise torque transfer and flexibility.

China factory Auto Parts Spline Shaft with Gears 45 ODM/OEM CNC Machining Lathing/Milling/Drilling/Knurling/Grinding for Outdoor Equipment/Vehicle Transmission/Gearbox  China factory Auto Parts Spline Shaft with Gears 45 ODM/OEM CNC Machining Lathing/Milling/Drilling/Knurling/Grinding for Outdoor Equipment/Vehicle Transmission/Gearbox
editor by CX 2023-10-04

China factory Custom CNC Machining Turning Spline Bolt Nut Hollow Threaded Spindle Gear Steel Propeller Drive Shaft of Motorcycle Electric Motor Auto Generator Transmission

Product Description

 

Basic Info. of Our Customized CNC Machining Parts
Quotation According To Your Drawings or Samples. (Size, Material, Thickness, Processing Content And Required Technology, etc.)
Tolerance  +/-0.005 – 0.01mm (Customizable)
Surface Roughness Ra0.2 – Ra3.2 (Customizable)
Materials Available Aluminum, Copper, Brass, Stainless Steel, Titanium, Iron, Plastic, Acrylic, PE, PVC, ABS, POM, PTFE etc.
Surface Treatment Polishing, Surface Chamfering, Hardening and Tempering, Nickel plating, Chrome plating, zinc plating, Laser engraving, Sandblasting, Passivating, Clear Anodized, Color Anodized, Sandblast Anodized, Chemical Film, Brushing, etc.
Processing Hot/Cold forging, Heat treatment, CNC Turning, Milling, Drilling and Tapping, Surface Treatment, Laser Cutting, Stamping, Die Casting, Injection Molding, etc.
Testing Equipment Coordinate Measuring Machine (CMM) / Vernier Caliper/ / Automatic Height Gauge /Hardness Tester /Surface Roughness Teste/Run-out Instrument/Optical Projector, Micrometer/ Salt spray testing machine
Drawing Formats PRO/E, Auto CAD, CHINAMFG Works , UG, CAD / CAM / CAE, PDF
Our Advantages 1.) 24 hours online service & quickly quote and delivery.
2.) 100% quality inspection (with Quality Inspection Report) before delivery. All our products are manufactured under ISO 9001:2015.
3.) A strong, professional and reliable technical team with 16+ years of manufacturing experience.
4.) We have stable supply chain partners, including raw material suppliers, bearing suppliers, forging plants, surface treatment plants, etc.
5.) We can provide customized assembly services for those customers who have assembly needs.

 

Available Material
Stainless Steel    SS201,SS301, SS303, SS304, SS316, SS416, etc.
Steel    mild steel, Carbon steel, 4140, 4340, Q235, Q345B, 20#, 45#, etc.
Brass    HPb63, HPb62, HPb61, HPb59, H59, H62, H68, H80, etc.
Copper     C11000, C12000,C12000, C36000 etc.
Aluminum     A380, AL2571, AL6061, Al6063, AL6082, AL7075, AL5052, etc.
Iron     A36, 45#, 1213, 12L14, 1215 etc.
Plastic     ABS, PC, PE, POM, Delrin, Nylon, PP, PEI, Peek etc.
Others     Various types of Titanium alloy, Rubber, Bronze, etc.

Available Surface Treatment
Stainless Steel Polishing, Passivating, Sandblasting, Laser engraving, etc.
Steel Zinc plating, Oxide black, Nickel plating, Chrome plating, Carburized, Powder Coated, etc.
Aluminum parts Clear Anodized, Color Anodized, Sandblast Anodized, Chemical Film, Brushing, Polishing, etc.
Plastic Plating gold(ABS), Painting, Brushing(Acylic), Laser engraving, etc.

FAQ:

Q1: Are you a trading company or a factory?
A1: We are a factory

Q2: How long is your delivery time?
A2: Samples are generally 3-7 days; bulk orders are 10-25 days, depending on the quantity and parts requirements.

Q3: Do you provide samples? Is it free or extra?
A3: Yes, we can provide samples, and we will charge you based on sample processing. The sample fee can be refunded after placing an order in batches.

Q4: Do you provide design drawings service?
A4: We mainly customize according to the drawings or samples provided by customers. For customers who don’t know much about drawing, we also   provide design and drawing services. You need to provide samples or sketches.

Q5: What about drawing confidentiality?
A5: The processed samples and drawings are strictly confidential and will not be disclosed to anyone else.

Q6: How do you guarantee the quality of your products?
A6: We have set up multiple inspection procedures and can provide quality inspection report before delivery. And we can also provide samples for you to test before mass production.
 

Certification: CE, RoHS, GS, ISO9001
Standard: DIN, ASTM, GOST, GB, JIS, ANSI, BS
Customized: Customized
Material: Metal
Application: Metal Recycling Machine, Metal Cutting Machine, Metal Straightening Machinery, Metal Spinning Machinery, Metal Processing Machinery Parts, Metal forging Machinery, Metal Engraving Machinery, Metal Drawing Machinery, Metal Coating Machinery, Metal Casting Machinery
Type of Order: Custom Order
Samples:
US$ 1/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

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Request Sample

Customization:
Available

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Customized Request

spline shaft

Can spline shafts be customized for specific machinery and equipment?

Yes, spline shafts can be customized to suit specific machinery and equipment requirements. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Size and Length:

Spline shafts can be customized in terms of size and length to fit the dimensions of the machinery or equipment. Manufacturers can design spline shafts with the appropriate diameter, overall length, and spline length to ensure a proper fit within the system.

2. Spline Profile:

The spline profile can be customized based on the specific application. Different spline profiles, such as involute, serrated, or helical, can be used to optimize torque transmission, load distribution, and engagement characteristics based on the requirements of the machinery or equipment.

3. Number of Splines:

The number of splines on the shaft can be customized to match the mating component. The number of splines determines the engagement area and affects the torque-carrying capacity of the spline shaft. By adjusting the number of splines, manufacturers can tailor the spline shaft to the specific torque and load requirements of the machinery or equipment.

4. Material Selection:

The choice of material for spline shafts can be customized based on the operating conditions and environmental factors of the machinery or equipment. Different materials, such as alloy steels or stainless steels, can be selected to provide the necessary strength, durability, corrosion resistance, or other specific properties required for the application.

5. Surface Treatment:

The surface of spline shafts can be customized with various treatments to enhance their performance. Surface treatments like heat treatment, coating, or plating can be applied to improve hardness, wear resistance, or corrosion resistance based on the specific requirements of the machinery or equipment.

6. Tolerances and Fit:

Tolerances and fit between the spline shaft and mating components can be customized to achieve the desired clearance or interference fit. This ensures proper engagement, smooth operation, and optimal performance of the machinery or equipment.

7. Special Features:

In certain cases, spline shafts can be customized with additional features to meet specific needs. This may include the incorporation of keyways, threads, or other specialized features required for the machinery or equipment.

Manufacturers and engineers work closely with the machinery or equipment designers to understand the specific requirements and tailor the spline shafts accordingly. By considering factors such as size, spline profile, number of splines, material selection, surface treatment, tolerances, fit, and any special features, customized spline shafts can be developed to ensure optimal performance and compatibility with the machinery or equipment.

It is important to consult with experienced spline shaft manufacturers or engineering professionals to determine the most suitable customization options for a particular machinery or equipment application.

spline shaft

How do spline shafts handle variations in load capacity and weight?

Spline shafts are designed to handle variations in load capacity and weight in mechanical systems. Here’s how they accomplish this:

1. Material Selection:

Spline shafts are typically made from high-strength materials such as steel or alloy, chosen for their ability to withstand heavy loads and provide durability. The selection of materials takes into account factors such as tensile strength, yield strength, and fatigue resistance to ensure the shaft can handle variations in load capacity and weight.

2. Engineering Design:

Spline shafts are designed with consideration for the anticipated loads and weights they will encounter. The dimensions, profile, and number of splines are determined based on the expected torque requirements and the magnitude of the applied loads. By carefully engineering the design, spline shafts can handle variations in load capacity and weight while maintaining structural integrity and reliable performance.

3. Load Distribution:

The interlocking engagement of spline shafts allows for effective load distribution along the length of the shaft. This helps distribute the applied loads evenly, preventing localized stress concentrations and minimizing the risk of deformation or failure. By distributing the load, spline shafts can handle variations in load capacity and weight without compromising their performance.

4. Structural Reinforcement:

In applications with higher load capacities or heavier weights, spline shafts may incorporate additional structural features to enhance their strength. This can include thicker spline teeth, larger spline diameters, or reinforced sections along the shaft. By reinforcing critical areas, spline shafts can handle increased loads and weights while maintaining their integrity.

5. Lubrication and Surface Treatment:

Proper lubrication is essential for spline shafts to handle variations in load capacity and weight. Lubricants reduce friction between the mating surfaces, minimizing wear and preventing premature failure. Additionally, surface treatments such as coatings or heat treatments can enhance the hardness and wear resistance of the spline shaft, improving its ability to handle varying loads and weights.

6. Testing and Validation:

Spline shafts undergo rigorous testing and validation to ensure they meet the specified load capacity and weight requirements. This may involve laboratory testing, simulation analysis, or field testing under real-world conditions. By subjecting spline shafts to thorough testing, manufacturers can verify their performance and ensure they can handle variations in load capacity and weight.

Overall, spline shafts are designed and engineered to handle variations in load capacity and weight by utilizing appropriate materials, optimizing the design, distributing loads effectively, incorporating structural reinforcement when necessary, implementing proper lubrication and surface treatments, and conducting thorough testing and validation. These measures enable spline shafts to reliably transmit torque and handle varying loads in diverse mechanical applications.

spline shaft

In which industries are spline shafts typically used?

Spline shafts find applications in a wide range of industries where torque transmission, relative movement, and load distribution are critical. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Automotive Industry:

The automotive industry extensively uses spline shafts in various components and systems. They are found in transmissions, drivelines, steering systems, differentials, and axle assemblies. Spline shafts enable the transmission of torque, accommodate relative movement, and ensure efficient power transfer in vehicles.

2. Aerospace and Defense Industry:

Spline shafts are essential in the aerospace and defense industry. They are used in aircraft landing gear systems, actuation mechanisms, missile guidance systems, engine components, and rotor assemblies. The aerospace and defense sector relies on spline shafts for precise torque transfer, relative movement accommodation, and critical control mechanisms.

3. Industrial Machinery and Equipment:

Spline shafts are widely employed in industrial machinery and equipment. They are used in gearboxes, machine tools, pumps, compressors, conveyors, printing machinery, and packaging equipment. Spline shafts enable torque transmission, accommodate misalignments and vibrations, and ensure accurate movement and synchronization of machine components.

4. Agriculture and Farming:

The agriculture and farming industry extensively uses spline shafts in equipment such as tractors, harvesters, and agricultural implements. Spline shafts are found in power take-off (PTO) units, transmission systems, hydraulic mechanisms, and steering systems. They enable torque transfer, accommodate relative movement, and provide flexibility in agricultural machinery.

5. Construction and Mining:

In the construction and mining industries, spline shafts are used in equipment such as excavators, loaders, bulldozers, and drilling rigs. They are found in hydraulic systems, power transmission systems, and articulated mechanisms. Spline shafts facilitate torque transmission, accommodate misalignments, and enable efficient power transfer in heavy-duty machinery.

6. Marine and Offshore:

Spline shafts have applications in the marine and offshore industry. They are used in propulsion systems, thrusters, rudders, winches, and marine pumps. Spline shafts enable torque transmission in marine vessels and offshore equipment, accommodating axial and radial movement, and ensuring reliable power transfer.

7. Energy and Power Generation:

Spline shafts are utilized in the energy and power generation sector. They are found in turbines, generators, compressors, and other rotating equipment. Spline shafts enable torque transmission and accommodate relative movement in power generation systems, ensuring efficient and reliable operation.

8. Rail and Transportation:

Spline shafts are employed in the rail and transportation industry. They are found in locomotives, railcar systems, and suspension mechanisms. Spline shafts enable torque transfer, accommodate movement and vibrations, and ensure precise control in rail and transportation applications.

These are just a few examples of the industries where spline shafts are typically used. Their versatility, torque transmission capabilities, and ability to accommodate relative movement make them vital components in various sectors that rely on efficient power transfer, flexibility, and precise control.

China factory Custom CNC Machining Turning Spline Bolt Nut Hollow Threaded Spindle Gear Steel Propeller Drive Shaft of Motorcycle Electric Motor Auto Generator Transmission  China factory Custom CNC Machining Turning Spline Bolt Nut Hollow Threaded Spindle Gear Steel Propeller Drive Shaft of Motorcycle Electric Motor Auto Generator Transmission
editor by CX 2023-09-28

China Best Sales OEM Customized Forging Steel Auto Parts Spline Shaft drive shaft components

Product Description

OEM/ODM Customised Spare Parts Wheel Hub Forging

Material: Steel, Iron, Aluminium, Copper, Magnesium and so on
Standard: ASTM, AISI, JIS, DIN, BS
Process: Pouring, Pressing, Indrawing, Refrigeration, Shakeout, Fettling,
Postprocessing
Package: Foam inner, carton box outside, wooden case, pallet and others
Weight: 5g-400t
Dimension Tolerance: CT7
Surface Roughness: Ra6.4-12.5
Length: 5mm-16m
Casting Section Thickness: 0.5mm-1.0mm
Productivity: 5000 tons per year

Our company has gained quality certificate ISO 9001 in 1995. We believe high technology and skilled workers are the key to achieve high performance in quality. We are capable of sand-casting (grey and ductile iron), investment casting (stainless steel, iron and steel),die casting (aluminum), forging,stamping and machining ect.
We can produce various specifications according to customer request and provide perfect OEM services. If you are interested, please provide us the drawing, requirements and quantity. We shall be pleased to provide you our best prices and deliveries.
 

Process

Mainly Hot forging, Some parts with Cold forging ,Die forging and CNC machining

Material

Carbon steel: A36,1045,1035 etc., Alloy steel: 40Cr, 20CrMnTi, 20CrNiMo,42CrMo4 etc., Stainless steel, SS304,SS316 etc.

Standard

ISO, DIN, ASTM, BS etc.

Weight

0.1kg – 120kg

Applicable Machining Process

CNC Machining/ Lathing/ Milling/ Turning/ Boring/ Drilling/ Tapping/ Broaching/Reaming etc.

Machining Tolerance

0.02mm-0.1mm

Machined Surface Quality

Ra 0.8-Ra3.2 according to customer requirement

Applicable Heat Treatment

Normalization , Quenching and tempering, Case

Hardening, Nitriding, Carbon Nitriding, Induction Quenching

Applicable Finish Surface Treatment

Shot/sand blast, polishing, Surface passivation, Primer Painting , Powder coating, ED- Coating, Chromate Plating, zinc-plate, Dacromat coating, Finish Painting

Testing equipment

Supersonic inspection machine, Supersonic flaw detecting machine , Physics and chemical analysis.

Packing

Wooden cases or according to customers’ needs

MOQ of mass production

1000-5000pcs

Looking CZPT to make business with you. 

 

Condition: New
Certification: CE, RoHS, GS, ISO9001
Standard: DIN, ASTM, GB, JIS, ANSI, BS
Customized: Customized
Material: Steel
Application: Metal Recycling Machine, Metal Cutting Machine, Metal Straightening Machinery, Metal Spinning Machinery, Metal Processing Machinery Parts, Metal forging Machinery, Metal Engraving Machinery, Metal Drawing Machinery, Metal Coating Machinery, Metal Casting Machinery, Machinery Parts
Samples:
US$ 1/kg
1 kg(Min.Order)

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Request Sample

Customization:
Available

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Customized Request

splineshaft

Analytical Approaches to Estimating Contact Pressures in Spline Couplings

A spline coupling is a type of mechanical connection between two rotating shafts. It consists of two parts – a coupler and a coupling. Both parts have teeth which engage and transfer loads. However, spline couplings are typically over-dimensioned, which makes them susceptible to fatigue and static behavior. Wear phenomena can also cause the coupling to fail. For this reason, proper spline coupling design is essential for achieving optimum performance.

Modeling a spline coupling

Spline couplings are becoming increasingly popular in the aerospace industry, but they operate in a slightly misaligned state, causing both vibrations and damage to the contact surfaces. To solve this problem, this article offers analytical approaches for estimating the contact pressures in a spline coupling. Specifically, this article compares analytical approaches with pure numerical approaches to demonstrate the benefits of an analytical approach.
To model a spline coupling, first you create the knowledge base for the spline coupling. The knowledge base includes a large number of possible specification values, which are related to each other. If you modify one specification, it may lead to a warning for violating another. To make the design valid, you must create a spline coupling model that meets the specified specification values.
After you have modeled the geometry, you must enter the contact pressures of the two spline couplings. Then, you need to determine the position of the pitch circle of the spline. In Figure 2, the centre of the male coupling is superposed to that of the female spline. Then, you need to make sure that the alignment meshing distance of the two splines is the same.
Once you have the data you need to create a spline coupling model, you can begin by entering the specifications for the interface design. Once you have this data, you need to choose whether to optimize the internal spline or the external spline. You’ll also need to specify the tooth friction coefficient, which is used to determine the stresses in the spline coupling model 20. You should also enter the pilot clearance, which is the clearance between the tip 186 of a tooth 32 on one spline and the feature on the mating spline.
After you have entered the desired specifications for the external spline, you can enter the parameters for the internal spline. For example, you can enter the outer diameter limit 154 of the major snap 54 and the minor snap 56 of the internal spline. The values of these parameters are displayed in color-coded boxes on the Spline Inputs and Configuration GUI screen 80. Once the parameters are entered, you’ll be presented with a geometric representation of the spline coupling model 20.

Creating a spline coupling model 20

The spline coupling model 20 is created by a product model software program 10. The software validates the spline coupling model against a knowledge base of configuration-dependent specification constraints and relationships. This report is then input to the ANSYS stress analyzer program. It lists the spline coupling model 20’s geometric configurations and specification values for each feature. The spline coupling model 20 is automatically recreated every time the configuration or performance specifications of the spline coupling model 20 are modified.
The spline coupling model 20 can be configured using the product model software program 10. A user specifies the axial length of the spline stack, which may be zero, or a fixed length. The user also enters a radial mating face 148, if any, and selects a pilot clearance specification value of 14.5 degrees or 30 degrees.
A user can then use the mouse 110 to modify the spline coupling model 20. The spline coupling knowledge base contains a large number of possible specification values and the spline coupling design rule. If the user tries to change a spline coupling model, the model will show a warning about a violation of another specification. In some cases, the modification may invalidate the design.
In the spline coupling model 20, the user enters additional performance requirement specifications. The user chooses the locations where maximum torque is transferred for the internal and external splines 38 and 40. The maximum torque transfer location is determined by the attachment configuration of the hardware to the shafts. Once this is selected, the user can click “Next” to save the model. A preview of the spline coupling model 20 is displayed.
The model 20 is a representation of a spline coupling. The spline specifications are entered in the order and arrangement as specified on the spline coupling model 20 GUI screen. Once the spline coupling specifications are entered, the product model software program 10 will incorporate them into the spline coupling model 20. This is the last step in spline coupling model creation.
splineshaft

Analysing a spline coupling model 20

An analysis of a spline coupling model consists of inputting its configuration and performance specifications. These specifications may be generated from another computer program. The product model software program 10 then uses its internal knowledge base of configuration dependent specification relationships and constraints to create a valid three-dimensional parametric model 20. This model contains information describing the number and types of spline teeth 32, snaps 34, and shoulder 36.
When you are analysing a spline coupling, the software program 10 will include default values for various specifications. The spline coupling model 20 comprises an internal spline 38 and an external spline 40. Each of the splines includes its own set of parameters, such as its depth, width, length, and radii. The external spline 40 will also contain its own set of parameters, such as its orientation.
Upon selecting these parameters, the software program will perform various analyses on the spline coupling model 20. The software program 10 calculates the nominal and maximal tooth bearing stresses and fatigue life of a spline coupling. It will also determine the difference in torsional windup between an internal and an external spline. The output file from the analysis will be a report file containing model configuration and specification data. The output file may also be used by other computer programs for further analysis.
Once these parameters are set, the user enters the design criteria for the spline coupling model 20. In this step, the user specifies the locations of maximum torque transfer for both the external and internal spline 38. The maximum torque transfer location depends on the configuration of the hardware attached to the shafts. The user may enter up to four different performance requirement specifications for each spline.
The results of the analysis show that there are two phases of spline coupling. The first phase shows a large increase in stress and vibration. The second phase shows a decline in both stress and vibration levels. The third stage shows a constant meshing force between 300N and 320N. This behavior continues for a longer period of time, until the final stage engages with the surface.
splineshaft

Misalignment of a spline coupling

A study aimed to investigate the position of the resultant contact force in a spline coupling engaging teeth under a steady torque and rotating misalignment. The study used numerical methods based on Finite Element Method (FEM) models. It produced numerical results for nominal conditions and parallel offset misalignment. The study considered two levels of misalignment – 0.02 mm and 0.08 mm – with different loading levels.
The results showed that the misalignment between the splines and rotors causes a change in the meshing force of the spline-rotor coupling system. Its dynamics is governed by the meshing force of splines. The meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling is related to the rotor-spline coupling system parameters, the transmitting torque, and the dynamic vibration displacement.
Despite the lack of precise measurements, the misalignment of splines is a common problem. This problem is compounded by the fact that splines usually feature backlash. This backlash is the result of the misaligned spline. The authors analyzed several splines, varying pitch diameters, and length/diameter ratios.
A spline coupling is a two-dimensional mechanical system, which has positive backlash. The spline coupling is comprised of a hub and shaft, and has tip-to-root clearances that are larger than the backlash. A form-clearance is sufficient to prevent tip-to-root fillet contact. The torque on the splines is transmitted via friction.
When a spline coupling is misaligned, a torque-biased thrust force is generated. In such a situation, the force can exceed the torque, causing the component to lose its alignment. The two-way transmission of torque and thrust is modeled analytically in the present study. The analytical approach provides solutions that can be integrated into the design process. So, the next time you are faced with a misaligned spline coupling problem, make sure to use an analytical approach!
In this study, the spline coupling is analyzed under nominal conditions without a parallel offset misalignment. The stiffness values obtained are the percentage difference between the nominal pitch diameter and load application diameter. Moreover, the maximum percentage difference in the measured pitch diameter is 1.60% under a torque of 5000 N*m. The other parameter, the pitch angle, is taken into consideration in the calculation.

China Best Sales OEM Customized Forging Steel Auto Parts Spline Shaft   drive shaft components	China Best Sales OEM Customized Forging Steel Auto Parts Spline Shaft   drive shaft components
editor by CX 2023-07-13

China Spline Forming Shaft Machine for Auto Drive Shaft VLC500EVLC500EA high precision supplier

Equipment Type: Pipe Rolling Equipment
Guarantee: 1 Yr
Relevant Industries: Creating Content Retailers, Equipment Restore Retailers, Producing Plant, Foods & Beverage Manufacturing facility, Development works , Power & Mining, China screw compressor 37 kw industrial screw air compressors utilized air screw compressor Food & Beverage Outlets, Promoting Company
Following-revenue Service Supplied: Engineers available to provider machinery abroad, Discipline upkeep and fix provider
Measurement: 950L*2600W
Energy: 4kw
Title: Forming Equipment
Coloration: White
Sort: Completely Automatic
Use: Spline
Fat: 3.5T
Certification: ISO9001,CE
Packaging Details: Normal export deal
Port: ZheJiang /HangZhou

Products and specifics

Primary parameters

Product
Device
VLC500E
VLC500EA
Max module
mm
one.
one.
Max out diameter
mm
ø20
ø20
Max tool width
mm
40
40
Max workpiece lenth
mm
400
600
Max putting in resource width
mm
ninety
three hundred
The open up part measurement
mm
139.7
139.seven
Resource dimensions
mm
13or16
13or16
Max tavel
mm
500
500
Weight
kg
3200
4200
Length × Large Quality NMRV Motorbike Gearbox Gears Modest Engine Reduction Mini Worm Gearbox speed reducer gear box width
mm
950×2000
1150×2600
Travel way

CNC
CNC


Function characteristics
1)Wear-resistant castings produced from special resources and rigid body entire body.
two) Distinctive synchronization gap trimming engineering can sharply boost synchronization precision.
3) Great CZPT mixtures can reverse forming and save moulds 4)Intelligent CZPT way lubricant detector, work piece forming with big cooling circulation.
5)Reasonable framework layout, pleasant operating peak and modest ground room.
6)Can have with truss or joint robotic and automation line.

Spline shaping principles
The spline cold forming is really a shaping procedure without having inventory removing, pto clutch for tractor in which root resources are gradually extruded and changed upto crest .

By way of our computation method, you can easily determine out the theoretical diameter of resources needed for shaping and you can get the closing diameter right after adjustment .

Advantages of cold forming: (in contrast with outdated cutting processing)

one) effectiveness is improved up to much more than 30 occasions
2) work piece bearing capacity is increased to 40%
three)roughness can achieve to underneath Ra0.4
four)materials saved to 9%-fifteen%
5)tiredness toughness, KX018-4(H) Undercarriage Elements Rubber Observe Loafer Track Bottom Roller Sprocket Top Carrier Roller FOR CZPT Mini Excavator torsion strength and dress in resistance are sharply improved.

Software:


Relevant products

Advantanges on LECN rock rolling device:
1)No issue verticl or horizontal, we have total collection of device for choice which can have with hydraulic driving or servo driving.
2) All the devices we choose synchronous equipment program to ensure precision synchronization with LECN micro-adjustment patent.
three) All the servo rock rolling equipment use patent engineering of double servo, motor+ball screw and pionion and rack driving.
4)All the devices use particular ball screw nut coolant technology.
five) We have unique company legal rights of Japanese renowned CZPT manufacturerd and good cooperation with abroad spline CZPT producers.
six)We have much more than ten 12 months ordeals in rock rolling processing and
there will come a vivid expert crew for service.
seven) We have numerous important technological innovation patents on spline rolling.

Cultrue

Analytical Approaches to Estimating Contact Pressures in Spline Couplings

A spline coupling is a type of mechanical connection between two rotating shafts. It consists of two parts – a coupler and a coupling. Both parts have teeth which engage and transfer loads. However, spline couplings are typically over-dimensioned, which makes them susceptible to fatigue and static behavior. Wear phenomena can also cause the coupling to fail. For this reason, proper spline coupling design is essential for achieving optimum performance.
splineshaft

Modeling a spline coupling

Spline couplings are becoming increasingly popular in the aerospace industry, but they operate in a slightly misaligned state, causing both vibrations and damage to the contact surfaces. To solve this problem, this article offers analytical approaches for estimating the contact pressures in a spline coupling. Specifically, this article compares analytical approaches with pure numerical approaches to demonstrate the benefits of an analytical approach.
To model a spline coupling, first you create the knowledge base for the spline coupling. The knowledge base includes a large number of possible specification values, which are related to each other. If you modify one specification, it may lead to a warning for violating another. To make the design valid, you must create a spline coupling model that meets the specified specification values.
After you have modeled the geometry, you must enter the contact pressures of the two spline couplings. Then, you need to determine the position of the pitch circle of the spline. In Figure 2, the centre of the male coupling is superposed to that of the female spline. Then, you need to make sure that the alignment meshing distance of the two splines is the same.
Once you have the data you need to create a spline coupling model, you can begin by entering the specifications for the interface design. Once you have this data, you need to choose whether to optimize the internal spline or the external spline. You’ll also need to specify the tooth friction coefficient, which is used to determine the stresses in the spline coupling model 20. You should also enter the pilot clearance, which is the clearance between the tip 186 of a tooth 32 on one spline and the feature on the mating spline.
After you have entered the desired specifications for the external spline, you can enter the parameters for the internal spline. For example, you can enter the outer diameter limit 154 of the major snap 54 and the minor snap 56 of the internal spline. The values of these parameters are displayed in color-coded boxes on the Spline Inputs and Configuration GUI screen 80. Once the parameters are entered, you’ll be presented with a geometric representation of the spline coupling model 20.

Creating a spline coupling model 20

The spline coupling model 20 is created by a product model software program 10. The software validates the spline coupling model against a knowledge base of configuration-dependent specification constraints and relationships. This report is then input to the ANSYS stress analyzer program. It lists the spline coupling model 20’s geometric configurations and specification values for each feature. The spline coupling model 20 is automatically recreated every time the configuration or performance specifications of the spline coupling model 20 are modified.
The spline coupling model 20 can be configured using the product model software program 10. A user specifies the axial length of the spline stack, which may be zero, or a fixed length. The user also enters a radial mating face 148, if any, and selects a pilot clearance specification value of 14.5 degrees or 30 degrees.
A user can then use the mouse 110 to modify the spline coupling model 20. The spline coupling knowledge base contains a large number of possible specification values and the spline coupling design rule. If the user tries to change a spline coupling model, the model will show a warning about a violation of another specification. In some cases, the modification may invalidate the design.
In the spline coupling model 20, the user enters additional performance requirement specifications. The user chooses the locations where maximum torque is transferred for the internal and external splines 38 and 40. The maximum torque transfer location is determined by the attachment configuration of the hardware to the shafts. Once this is selected, the user can click “Next” to save the model. A preview of the spline coupling model 20 is displayed.
The model 20 is a representation of a spline coupling. The spline specifications are entered in the order and arrangement as specified on the spline coupling model 20 GUI screen. Once the spline coupling specifications are entered, the product model software program 10 will incorporate them into the spline coupling model 20. This is the last step in spline coupling model creation.
splineshaft

Analysing a spline coupling model 20

An analysis of a spline coupling model consists of inputting its configuration and performance specifications. These specifications may be generated from another computer program. The product model software program 10 then uses its internal knowledge base of configuration dependent specification relationships and constraints to create a valid three-dimensional parametric model 20. This model contains information describing the number and types of spline teeth 32, snaps 34, and shoulder 36.
When you are analysing a spline coupling, the software program 10 will include default values for various specifications. The spline coupling model 20 comprises an internal spline 38 and an external spline 40. Each of the splines includes its own set of parameters, such as its depth, width, length, and radii. The external spline 40 will also contain its own set of parameters, such as its orientation.
Upon selecting these parameters, the software program will perform various analyses on the spline coupling model 20. The software program 10 calculates the nominal and maximal tooth bearing stresses and fatigue life of a spline coupling. It will also determine the difference in torsional windup between an internal and an external spline. The output file from the analysis will be a report file containing model configuration and specification data. The output file may also be used by other computer programs for further analysis.
Once these parameters are set, the user enters the design criteria for the spline coupling model 20. In this step, the user specifies the locations of maximum torque transfer for both the external and internal spline 38. The maximum torque transfer location depends on the configuration of the hardware attached to the shafts. The user may enter up to four different performance requirement specifications for each spline.
The results of the analysis show that there are two phases of spline coupling. The first phase shows a large increase in stress and vibration. The second phase shows a decline in both stress and vibration levels. The third stage shows a constant meshing force between 300N and 320N. This behavior continues for a longer period of time, until the final stage engages with the surface.
splineshaft

Misalignment of a spline coupling

A study aimed to investigate the position of the resultant contact force in a spline coupling engaging teeth under a steady torque and rotating misalignment. The study used numerical methods based on Finite Element Method (FEM) models. It produced numerical results for nominal conditions and parallel offset misalignment. The study considered two levels of misalignment – 0.02 mm and 0.08 mm – with different loading levels.
The results showed that the misalignment between the splines and rotors causes a change in the meshing force of the spline-rotor coupling system. Its dynamics is governed by the meshing force of splines. The meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling is related to the rotor-spline coupling system parameters, the transmitting torque, and the dynamic vibration displacement.
Despite the lack of precise measurements, the misalignment of splines is a common problem. This problem is compounded by the fact that splines usually feature backlash. This backlash is the result of the misaligned spline. The authors analyzed several splines, varying pitch diameters, and length/diameter ratios.
A spline coupling is a two-dimensional mechanical system, which has positive backlash. The spline coupling is comprised of a hub and shaft, and has tip-to-root clearances that are larger than the backlash. A form-clearance is sufficient to prevent tip-to-root fillet contact. The torque on the splines is transmitted via friction.
When a spline coupling is misaligned, a torque-biased thrust force is generated. In such a situation, the force can exceed the torque, causing the component to lose its alignment. The two-way transmission of torque and thrust is modeled analytically in the present study. The analytical approach provides solutions that can be integrated into the design process. So, the next time you are faced with a misaligned spline coupling problem, make sure to use an analytical approach!
In this study, the spline coupling is analyzed under nominal conditions without a parallel offset misalignment. The stiffness values obtained are the percentage difference between the nominal pitch diameter and load application diameter. Moreover, the maximum percentage difference in the measured pitch diameter is 1.60% under a torque of 5000 N*m. The other parameter, the pitch angle, is taken into consideration in the calculation.

China Spline Forming Shaft Machine for Auto Drive Shaft VLC500EVLC500EA high precision     supplier China Spline Forming Shaft Machine for Auto Drive Shaft VLC500EVLC500EA high precision     supplier
editor by czh 2023-02-21

China Metal CNC lathe turning machining precision aluminum shaft auto parts with Best Sales

Composition: Spline
Content: aluminum, Steel
Coatings: NICKEL
Torque Capacity: 1.five
Model Variety: OEM
Surface therapy: Brushing
Product name: Mechanical Elements
Provider: Sample
Surface complete: Sand
Description: CNC Machining Brass Parts
Drawing Formats: DWG
Shade: Coloration
Merchandise name: Computer Cnc Speedy Prototype Model
Packaging Specifics: wooden box ,pallet, carton, PVC tray, PP bag as the client required
Port: HangZhou

Metallic CNC lathe turning machining precision aluminum shaft car components

Organization Kind Factory / Manufacturer
Service CNC Machining
Turning and Milling
CNC Turning
OEM Areas
Material one). Aluminum: AL 6061-T6, 6063, 7075-T and many others
2). Stainless metal: 303,304,316L, 17-4(SUS630) and many others
three). Metal: 4140, Q235, Q345B,twenty#,forty five# and so on.
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5). Brass: C36 3657160 For CZPT S80L S60 C37700 (HPb59), C26800 (H68), C22000(H90) and so on
6). Copper, bronze, Magnesium alloy, Delrin, POM,Acrylic, Laptop, and many others.
Finish Sandblasting, Anodize coloration, Blackenning, Zinc/Nickl Plating, Polish,
Power coating, Passivation PVD, Titanium Plating, Electrogalvanizing,
electroplating chromium, Automobile Areas CV Joint Boot Package 04438-06120 for Japanese car , Entrance Travel Shaft Inboard joint Inboard joint manufacturing unit price tag electrophoresis, QPQ(Quench-Polish-Quench),
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Main Tools CNC Machining heart(Milling), CNC Lathe, Grinding machine,
Cylindrical grinder device, Drilling equipment, Laser Cutting Equipment,and so forth.
Drawing format Action,STP,GIS,CAD,PDF,DWG,DXF and many others or samples.
Tolerance

Back again To Property

How to Calculate Stiffness, Centering Force, Wear and Fatigue Failure of Spline Couplings

There are various types of spline couplings. These couplings have several important properties. These properties are: Stiffness, Involute splines, Misalignment, Wear and fatigue failure. To understand how these characteristics relate to spline couplings, read this article. It will give you the necessary knowledge to determine which type of coupling best suits your needs. Keeping in mind that spline couplings are usually spherical in shape, they are made of steel.
splineshaft

Involute splines

An effective side interference condition minimizes gear misalignment. When two splines are coupled with no spline misalignment, the maximum tensile root stress shifts to the left by five mm. A linear lead variation, which results from multiple connections along the length of the spline contact, increases the effective clearance or interference by a given percentage. This type of misalignment is undesirable for coupling high-speed equipment.
Involute splines are often used in gearboxes. These splines transmit high torque, and are better able to distribute load among multiple teeth throughout the coupling circumference. The involute profile and lead errors are related to the spacing between spline teeth and keyways. For coupling applications, industry practices use splines with 25 to fifty-percent of spline teeth engaged. This load distribution is more uniform than that of conventional single-key couplings.
To determine the optimal tooth engagement for an involved spline coupling, Xiangzhen Xue and colleagues used a computer model to simulate the stress applied to the splines. The results from this study showed that a “permissible” Ruiz parameter should be used in coupling. By predicting the amount of wear and tear on a crowned spline, the researchers could accurately predict how much damage the components will sustain during the coupling process.
There are several ways to determine the optimal pressure angle for an involute spline. Involute splines are commonly measured using a pressure angle of 30 degrees. Similar to gears, involute splines are typically tested through a measurement over pins. This involves inserting specific-sized wires between gear teeth and measuring the distance between them. This method can tell whether the gear has a proper tooth profile.
The spline system shown in Figure 1 illustrates a vibration model. This simulation allows the user to understand how involute splines are used in coupling. The vibration model shows four concentrated mass blocks that represent the prime mover, the internal spline, and the load. It is important to note that the meshing deformation function represents the forces acting on these three components.
splineshaft

Stiffness of coupling

The calculation of stiffness of a spline coupling involves the measurement of its tooth engagement. In the following, we analyze the stiffness of a spline coupling with various types of teeth using two different methods. Direct inversion and blockwise inversion both reduce CPU time for stiffness calculation. However, they require evaluation submatrices. Here, we discuss the differences between these two methods.
The analytical model for spline couplings is derived in the second section. In the third section, the calculation process is explained in detail. We then validate this model against the FE method. Finally, we discuss the influence of stiffness nonlinearity on the rotor dynamics. Finally, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method. We present a simple yet effective method for estimating the lateral stiffness of spline couplings.
The numerical calculation of the spline coupling is based on the semi-analytical spline load distribution model. This method involves refined contact grids and updating the compliance matrix at each iteration. Hence, it consumes significant computational time. Further, it is difficult to apply this method to the dynamic analysis of a rotor. This method has its own limitations and should be used only when the spline coupling is fully investigated.
The meshing force is the force generated by a misaligned spline coupling. It is related to the spline thickness and the transmitting torque of the rotor. The meshing force is also related to the dynamic vibration displacement. The result obtained from the meshing force analysis is given in Figures 7, 8, and 9.
The analysis presented in this paper aims to investigate the stiffness of spline couplings with a misaligned spline. Although the results of previous studies were accurate, some issues remained. For example, the misalignment of the spline may cause contact damages. The aim of this article is to investigate the problems associated with misaligned spline couplings and propose an analytical approach for estimating the contact pressure in a spline connection. We also compare our results to those obtained by pure numerical approaches.

Misalignment

To determine the centering force, the effective pressure angle must be known. Using the effective pressure angle, the centering force is calculated based on the maximum axial and radial loads and updated Dudley misalignment factors. The centering force is the maximum axial force that can be transmitted by friction. Several published misalignment factors are also included in the calculation. A new method is presented in this paper that considers the cam effect in the normal force.
In this new method, the stiffness along the spline joint can be integrated to obtain a global stiffness that is applicable to torsional vibration analysis. The stiffness of bearings can also be calculated at given levels of misalignment, allowing for accurate estimation of bearing dimensions. It is advisable to check the stiffness of bearings at all times to ensure that they are properly sized and aligned.
A misalignment in a spline coupling can result in wear or even failure. This is caused by an incorrectly aligned pitch profile. This problem is often overlooked, as the teeth are in contact throughout the involute profile. This causes the load to not be evenly distributed along the contact line. Consequently, it is important to consider the effect of misalignment on the contact force on the teeth of the spline coupling.
The centre of the male spline in Figure 2 is superposed on the female spline. The alignment meshing distances are also identical. Hence, the meshing force curves will change according to the dynamic vibration displacement. It is necessary to know the parameters of a spline coupling before implementing it. In this paper, the model for misalignment is presented for spline couplings and the related parameters.
Using a self-made spline coupling test rig, the effects of misalignment on a spline coupling are studied. In contrast to the typical spline coupling, misalignment in a spline coupling causes fretting wear at a specific position on the tooth surface. This is a leading cause of failure in these types of couplings.
splineshaft

Wear and fatigue failure

The failure of a spline coupling due to wear and fatigue is determined by the first occurrence of tooth wear and shaft misalignment. Standard design methods do not account for wear damage and assess the fatigue life with big approximations. Experimental investigations have been conducted to assess wear and fatigue damage in spline couplings. The tests were conducted on a dedicated test rig and special device connected to a standard fatigue machine. The working parameters such as torque, misalignment angle, and axial distance have been varied in order to measure fatigue damage. Over dimensioning has also been assessed.
During fatigue and wear, mechanical sliding takes place between the external and internal splines and results in catastrophic failure. The lack of literature on the wear and fatigue of spline couplings in aero-engines may be due to the lack of data on the coupling’s application. Wear and fatigue failure in splines depends on a number of factors, including the material pair, geometry, and lubrication conditions.
The analysis of spline couplings shows that over-dimensioning is common and leads to different damages in the system. Some of the major damages are wear, fretting, corrosion, and teeth fatigue. Noise problems have also been observed in industrial settings. However, it is difficult to evaluate the contact behavior of spline couplings, and numerical simulations are often hampered by the use of specific codes and the boundary element method.
The failure of a spline gear coupling was caused by fatigue, and the fracture initiated at the bottom corner radius of the keyway. The keyway and splines had been overloaded beyond their yield strength, and significant yielding was observed in the spline gear teeth. A fracture ring of non-standard alloy steel exhibited a sharp corner radius, which was a significant stress raiser.
Several components were studied to determine their life span. These components include the spline shaft, the sealing bolt, and the graphite ring. Each of these components has its own set of design parameters. However, there are similarities in the distributions of these components. Wear and fatigue failure of spline couplings can be attributed to a combination of the three factors. A failure mode is often defined as a non-linear distribution of stresses and strains.

China Metal CNC lathe turning machining precision aluminum shaft auto parts     with Best Sales China Metal CNC lathe turning machining precision aluminum shaft auto parts     with Best Sales
editor by czh 2023-02-19